"The Dinar Daily ", Thursday, 23 January 2014
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  1. #1

    "The Dinar Daily ", Thursday, 23 January 2014

    Barzani offers to help in fight against terrorism

    BRUSSELS — President of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Massoud Barzani has said he is willing to help Baghdad fight against terrorism and warned the European parliament of the influence of extremist groups in Syria. He also suggested that a dialogue with Baghdad over oil deals will continue until a deal is reached.

    Summary⎙ Print The president of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Massoud Barzani, is pessimistic about the outcome of the Geneva II conference.

    Author Wladimir van Wilgenburg

    Posted January 22, 2014

    Barzani spoke Jan. 21 at the Foreign Affairs Committee in Brussels, just before the Geneva II conference set to take place Jan. 22 in Switzerland.

    “All we can say is we hope that the Syrian people decide their own fate [at Geneva II], far removed from terrorist influence,” Barzani said, while refraining from commenting on the situation of Syrian Kurds.

    On Jan. 20, the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) declared its autonomous administration in Syria just ahead of the Geneva conference, after the international community failed to invite the PYD to Geneva II.

    Barzani’s visit to Brussels coincided with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's first visit to the European Union in five years. During his speech, Barzani said that closer economic ties between Turkey and the KRG would create "more stability in the region" and would not harm anyone.

    The Kurdish president is currently on a diplomatic visit to Europe and is expected to attend the World Economic Forum to be held Jan. 22-25 in Davos, Switzerland.

    After his Europe tour, Barzani will travel to Washington, reported the Kurdish media network Rudaw, following an earlier invitation by Washington to discuss the oil issues between Baghdad and Erbil, as well as the Iraqi elections scheduled for April 2014 and the security situation in the Sunni provinces of Iraq.

    In Brussels, Barzani asked for more European support for the political process in Iraq, specifically for the Iraqi constitution, democracy, federalism and the fight against terrorism.

    “Unfortunately, terrorism has become something that scourges the entire world. We suffered bitterly from terrorism and continue to struggle against terrorists. We have no other choice to fight against terrorism.”

    The fighting that took place on Jan. 1 between al-Qaeda armed groups and the Iraqi government led to 13,000 Anbari residents fleeing to Erbil, said a Human Rights Watch report.

    “Our region has become a safe haven for [Syrian] refugees and for other Iraqis,” Barzani said, asking for more international support to assist internally displaced Iraqis and Syrians seeking refuge.

    Barzani also mentioned the Sept. 29 Erbil attack, blaming it on the situation in Syria. He said, “Everything that happens in Syria has a direct impact on our countries, and after having six years of stability, on Sept. 29 in Erbil, we witnessed a terrorist attack, and the perpetrators from that attack came from Syria, so we fear for the situation of our country.”

    The Kurdish president said that many extremist groups are active in Syria that are a threat to the Kurdistan Region as well. He said, “We are very cautious to not give — in any case — an opportunity to these movements in Syria. We don’t want them to take power in Syria, and we cannot accept the killing of civilians.”

    Barzani's offer to Baghdad could lead to more anger from al-Qaeda-affiliated groups, who have already engaged in many clashes with Syrian Kurdish fighters in recent months. The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) claimed responsibility Oct. 6 for the Erbil attack and accused Barzani of aiding Baghdad and Syrian Kurds against jihadist groups. Unconfirmed rumors in the local media suggest that ISIS wanted to assassinate the Kurdish president and other Kurdish prominent officials in response to Barzani’s opposition to al-Qaeda-affiliated groups in Syria.

    Barzani sounded quite pessimistic about the future of Syria. He said, “We expect a lot from the Geneva conference and for the Syrian people to determine their own future, but I am not optimistic, and I don’t expect a great deal to come out of the Geneva conference.”

    Barzani reportedly said that although the democratic forces of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) are working to be an alternative to the regime in Syria, extremist forces are much stronger than the FSA.

    “There are terrorist organizations that are calling the shots, so we have to be very cautious and in no case should we authorize the entry of organizations linked to al-Qaeda. We don't want them to be active on our borders. It is a direct threat to our province," said Barzani.

    Some international companies may worry about the stability of the Kurdistan Region after the September attack, but Barzani tried to assure the West and foreign companies that the Kurdistan Region is still safe from terror. He said, “We can never say that you can have 100% security — you cannot have that anywhere — but I don’t think that terrorists can create a base inside Kurdistan. They might want to infiltrate from Kirkuk or Mosul, but a permanent base in Kurdistan is impossible. There are infiltrations.”

    Although al-Qaeda could infiltrate Kurdistan, Barzani emphasized that compared to the rest of Iraq and the region, Kurdistan is safe. He said, “There are dozens or hundreds of foreign companies active in Kurdistan. It’s clear evidence of what I have said.”

    The Kurdish leader also offered Baghdad more support against extremist groups, saying, “Our region can be involved in military operations against terrorism on the border between our region and Syria, and between us and the province in Mosul, but in my view, problems cannot be solved without reform and national reconciliation, such as we achieved in our autonomous region. So we as Kurds are ready to help Baghdad in its fight against terrorism.”

    On oil issues, Barzani warned that the Kurdistan Region will not "give up its constitutional rights" to export oil, saying, “Two days ago, a delegation led by Prime Minister [Nechirvan Barzani] went to Baghdad to talk about these matters, and these talks will continue until an agreement is achieved.”

    Reportedly, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki told Rudaw that he would not cut of the KRG’s share of the budget. He said that his words were, “There should be a language of understanding to solve the issues between Baghdad and Erbil."

    But Barzani suggested that the upcoming Iraqi elections could change the political landscape and new alliances could be forged after the elections, He reminded Maliki’s government, “We are waiting for these elections, and we will see what the outcome will be.”


  2. #2
    Former Iraq VP: Terrorism, political conflict behind Anbar crisis

    BAGHDAD — In an interview with Al-Monitor, former Iraqi Vice President Adil Abdul-Mahdi, who is a leader in the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC), spoke about thorny and sensitive issues while describing the Iraqi political situation. Abdul-Mahdi — who resigned his vice presidential post in 2011 — said that he does not wish to see Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki run for a third term. He also said that it would be "very difficult" for Maliki to be re-elected. Abdul-Mahdi posed a number of open questions about Iraq's foreign policy, and said that, historically, Iraq has not been subjected to Iranian politics more than it was subjected to the authority of the Ottoman Empire. He also noted that terrorism and political conflict stand behind the Anbar crisis, and the problems are not easily solvable.

    Summary⎙ Print In an exclusive interview with Al-Monitor, former Iraqi Vice President Adil Abdul-Mahdi speaks about the Anbar crisis, Iranian influence in Iraq and his expectations for the upcoming elections.

    Author Mustafa al-Kadhimi

    Posted January 22, 2014

    Translator(s)Kamal Fayad

    The interview follows:

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/orig...#ixzz2rCPRhPsd

  3. #3
    Anbar war opens front on Facebook, Twitter

    A new front has opened in the battle for control of Anbar province. The conflict, which began in late December 2013 when the Iraqi army deployed to the Anbar desert to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), has now expanded to such popular social media platforms as Facebook and Twitter. Activists backing the Iraqi army have established pages supporting the security forces, while tribal fighters battling the army as well as ISIS have created similar pages. They all provide updates of events on the ground, and some do not shy from indulging in incitement against their adversary.

    Summary⎙ Print As the battles in Anbar continue and sectarian tensions rise in Iraq, citizens from both sides have set up Facebook pages to gather supporters and present their views.

    Author Omar al-Jaffal

    Posted January 22, 2014


    The administrator of the Facebook page for Rayat Ahl al-Sunnah Fil-Iraq (Flag of the Sunnis in Iraq), which views the army as occupying Anbari cities to harass and oppress the population there, pleaded with the media to support the “battle of the people of Anbar against the army.” In an interview with Al-Monitor, he asserted, “The media has not dealt fairly with our cause. We established a page on Facebook so that we could tell the world what is happening in Anbar.”

    The group's page has attracted a large number of supporters from among Sunni youths, who share the page’s view that Anbar's “cities are being brought to ruin by the army.”

    On the other side of the online battle, the Facebook page for the Iraqi Electronic Army seeks to close down pages that call for fighting the army by informing Facebook administrators of abuses aimed at Iraqi national figures on them. The page administrator, who spoke on condition of anonymity, told Al-Monitor, “Our page wages war against all the terrorist pages, from every sect and religion in Iraq.” He denied that his page had received “material support from any political faction in Iraq.” He said that it “communicates with all the soldiers of Anbar to relay word of what is happening on the ground there.”

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    Administrators from a number of Facebook pages founded in conjunction with the outbreak of the Anbar crisis have refused to speak to the media. These include those for the Anbar Tribes’ Revolutionary Military Council and Herak.

    Writer and political analyst Marwan Yassin al-Dulaymi observed, “Anyone who interacts with these social media websites is fairly certain that they are sectarian electronic armies engaged in bitter warfare with one another.” He stressed to Al-Monitor, “This war might be the most dangerous to [Iraqi] society, in terms of the nationalistic and sectarian hatred that it mobilizes.”

    Dulaymi does not rule out the possibility that “the Iraqi government, especially the National [Iraqi] Alliance, has hired dozens of recruits to wage an online battle against every voice that crosses and differs with its policies.”

    Commenting on free speech, Batul Faruq, a member of the parliamentary Committee on Culture and Information, told Al-Monitor, “The Iraqi constitution, which guarantees freedom of expression, prevents the government from intervening to stop the sectarian warfare that is being carried out on social media websites.” He appeared to agree somewhat with Dulaymi's view of the social media wars, observing, “Sectarian comments on Facebook have created a state of sectarian tension within Iraqi society.”

    Omar al-Jaffal

    Contributor, Iraq Pulse

    Omar al-Jaffal is an Iraqi writer and poet. He is an editor of Bayt and Nathr, two intellectual magazines that are published in Iraq. He is also the chief editor of Al-Aalam al-Jadid, an electronic newspaper.


  4. #4
    The Lausanne II Talks

    The long-awaited “Syrian peace conference” is going on in Switzerland as I write this week’s column. Dubbed “Geneva II” after meetings on Syria in Geneva last year, the United States describes the main goal of the conference as “establishing a transitional administration to govern Syria by mutual consent,” and hence stop the fighting. The Russian foreign minister tried to cast a positive light on what has been, by all accounts, a very poor first day for the conference: “For the first time in three years of the bloody conflict, the sides - for all their accusations - agreed to sit down at the negotiating table.”

    A crucial side was not present, however: No Syrian Kurdish representative was allowed to attend the talks. The attitude of the Syrian National Council (SNC) remains that they will represent the Kurds, no doubt much like the Kemalists represented the Kurds at the 1923 Lausanne Treaty talks. Readers of this newspaper all know how well that turned out for the Kurdish people over the next eighty years. In other words, if any Kurdish delegates wanted to be present at the meeting, they would have to do so under the command of and at the whim of a Muslim Brotherhood-dominated group of Syrian Arab exiles who have questionable authority over any of the groups fighting in Syria, much less any large swathes of Syrian land and people. The Syrian National Council still refuses to recognize the existence of a Syrian Kurdistan or endorse local autonomy for the Kurds or other minority groups in the country.

    The United States should have nonetheless pushed for the Syrian Kurds to have a place at the table. The Assad regime, which has been trying to make overtures to the Kurds in order to keep them out of the fighting, would likely have accepted their presence. The Russians even invited Democratic Union Party (PYD) Kurdish leaders to Moscow last summer and promised to invite them to Geneva II as well. Washington insists that the PYD or the Kurdistan National Council of which it forms a part is not fit to sit with, no matter how much territory in Syria it solidly controls, no matter how many jihadists it kills, no matter how many local elections it holds, no matter how much better its human rights record is than the other Syrian armed forces, and no matter how many Arab, Christian and other diverse community representatives it incorporates into its new local governments in Rojava. The murderous, torturing Assad regime and a group of Syrian businessmen who hardly represent anyone but themselves are the ones America wants to meet with instead.

    Even the Iranians have also shown a willingness to recognize and deal with the Syrian Kurds and other Kurdish autonomous governments – as long as they are not in Iran, of course. The Iranians lost their brief invitation to attend the talks, however, after American diplomats intentionally scuttled U.N. Secretary Ban Ki Moon’s invitation to them. The Syrian National Council, you see, did not want Iran present in Switzerland either. The group of exiled, hopefully well-meaning and would be political leaders who claim to lead an array of armed forces in Syria, groups that are now losing the war there, thinks it can both control the guest list in Geneva and force Bashar al-Assad to step down as well.

    I scoured the mainstream English media on the issue, and just about no one seems to note the absence of the Syrian Kurds at the meeting. Surely the one opposition group with a solid organization, complete control of large swathes of Syrian territory and a functioning transitional government might have something to say at a conference aimed at “establishing a transitional administration to govern Syria”? Who knows, they might have even suggested something related to decentralized political systems that might work to help resolve the civil war.

    I suppose there just wasn’t space at the table for the Syrian Kurds, unfortunately. Event organizers had to invite the foreign ministers of some forty countries, you see, along with officials from the UN, EU, Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Co-operation. No once could be expected to save a seat for the Kurds under such circumstances.

    How tragic this whole convention in Switzerland appears. While I have no doubt that foreign ministers from Canada, Brazil, Japan, Indonesia, India and other countries will give fine speeches at the event, it might have been nice to get the input of those who, besides the Assad regime, actually have some relevance to what’s happing in Syria. Seeing a political circus like this play out while hapless thousands continue to die in Syria, while Syrian Kurds start to hope for the first time in a long time, makes me happy I’m not a diplomat. Forced to parrot the absurdly convoluted logic and cynical positions of my government, I think I would end up heading to the hotel bar rather than the meeting room, vainly hoping to drink away any thoughts about who is running things in this world.

    David Romano has been a Rudaw columnist since August 2010. He is the Thomas G. Strong Professor of Middle East Politics at Missouri State University and author of The Kurdish Nationalist Movement (2006, Cambridge University Press).


  5. #5
    Company Plans Sulaimani-Kirkuk Rail Link

    By Fazil Najib

    SULAIMANI, Kurdistan Region – A company in Sulaimaini has planned a railroad link to the city of Kirkuk, its director said. “The project is very strategic. It will be used for the transportation of passengers and goods, and this will have a positive impact on reducing the load on roads between the two cities,” said Faruk Mala Mustafa, head of Faruk Holding, a giant firm involved in construction, communications and a string of other sectors. “The Kurdistan Regional Government has approved the implementation of the railroad between Kirkuk and Sulaimani. The project implementation will start this year and the first phase of the project will cost $2 billion,” he added. The length of the rail link will be around 110 kilometers, and the project is designed by a Hungarian company, Mustafa said. “The second phase will extend to Penjwin city, cost $6 billion and provide a large number of job opportunities for Kurdish people,” according to Mustafa. He said the project, signed by Kurdistan Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani, will be a joint venture, and encouraged the Iraqi government to take part. “I have talked to three big companies to carry out the implementation. I also need to talk to the Iraqi government, as well as farmers whose lands will be destroyed but who will be compensated,” Mustafa explained.


  6. #6
    Maliki: We are on the ends of the agreement on the export of oil from the Kurdistan region

    Wed Jan 22 2014 15:02 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, Wednesday, from near the end of the agreement between the Ministry of Oil and the Kurdistan region to export oil from the region, pointing out that the export of oil from the region reason to delay the general budget.

    Maliki said in his weekly and seen "Alsumaria News", it said that "the subject of the agreement on oil exports and revenues, budgeting and centralized oil exports, in extremes," noting that "this agreement, which will happen between the Ministry of Oil and the Kurdistan region will be the factors that speed up the completion of the budget" .

    Maliki said that "what is causing disruption in the budget is the subject," he said, adding that "the completion of the budget depends on the role of the House of Representatives and embraced the process of investigation and approval."

    Maliki reiterated that "the adoption of the budget will provide an opportunity for the ministries of the starting field of investment funds allocated to them," calling on the Ministry of Oil and the Kurdistan region and Parliament to "cooperate to the adoption of the budget in 2014, in order to begin the process of reconstruction and construction in the country."

    The Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani, in January 19 the current agreement with the Kurdistan Regional Government to be the export of oil, according to the mechanism of uniform, came during a meeting held between the center and a delegation from the province of Kurdistan, headed by Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani.

    As suggested by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, the formation of a national council to oversee the oil wealth in Iraq until the adoption of the law of oil and gas, stressing the need to unite his fortune in Iraq.



    Shahristani to visit Erbil to complete talks Kurdish oil exports and the budget

    Wed Jan 22 2014 18:55 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Twilight News

    A source in the federal government Wednesday, Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani will visit Arbil, the capital of the Kurdistan Region at the head of a government delegation to complete talks on oil and the federal budget for the year 2014.

    The two sides had held a round of talks in Baghdad a few days ago during a visit by a delegation from the region, headed by the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Barzani.

    The Government of the Territory's meeting with Barzani, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on Sunday to reach the delegation that the Iraqi government drafted and sent to Erbil in the coming days for the purpose of study, and to prepare for another meeting.

    The talks focused on the export of oil from the Kurdistan Region and the financial budget for Iraq for the current year, which was objected to by the Kurds after the approval of the Iraqi Council of Ministers in a manner contrary to theirs.

    The source said the government's "Twilight News", speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to release the al-Shahristani will visit Erbil at the head of a government delegation.

    He added that the delegation of the Federal Government will be a second round of talks with the government of Kurdistan to resolve differences on the Kurdish oil exports and the financial budget of the country.

    He pointed out that the date of the visit has yet been set.

    And raised the Kurdistan attempts to sell oil and gas directly to anger officials in Baghdad, who assert that the federal government is the only owner the right to manage energy resources of Iraq.

    The territory's government said a week ago that the oil began flowing in a new pipeline to Turkey Imitdd is expected to start the export at the end of this month and then to strengthen supplies in February and March.

    But Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki threatened to reduce the share of the financial budget of the Kurdistan of Iraq if it goes ahead with plans to export without the approval of Baghdad.

    Indeed, the financial budget is included a clause stipulating to deduct funds from the share of Kurdistan if not committed to deliver 400 thousand barrels per day of crude oil to the federal government in 2014.

    And raised in this paragraph, the budget minister rejected the Kurds, who withdrew from the voting session on the budget in the Iraqi Council of Ministers.


    *** Add to the foregoing Barzani's comments in Davos yesterday and you have the latest " ink " on the status of negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil on the oil / gas and budget issues ***

    On oil issues, Barzani warned that the Kurdistan Region will not "give up its constitutional rights" to export oil, saying, “Two days ago, a delegation led by Prime Minister [Nechirvan Barzani] went to Baghdad to talk about these matters, and these talks will continue until an agreement is achieved.”

    Reportedly, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki told Rudaw that he would not cut of the KRG’s share of the budget. He said that his words were, “There should be a language of understanding to solve the issues between Baghdad and Erbil."


  7. #7
    Kurdistan Government Formation Expected Next Month, Official Says
    By RUDAW

    “The issue is in the hands of political parties. They have to expedite the formation of the government,” Fuad Hussein told Rudaw in an interview.

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani is concerned about the delay in forming the new Kurdish government, but believes it is not for him to interfere in the process, his chief of staff said.

    “The issue is in the hands of political parties. They have to expedite the formation of the government,” Fuad Hussein told Rudaw in an interview.

    He said the political parties are expected to reach an agreement next month, “because the Kurdistan parliament has been paralyzed due to the delay of forming the new government.”

    It has been four months since elections for the autonomous Kurdistan Region’s own legislature, but the new cabinet has yet to be formed.

    The delay has largely been blamed on the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), which at the polls lost its place as the second-largest Kurdish party to the rival Change Movement (Gorran). The Kurdistan Democratic Party, the PUK’s strategic partner in the outgoing government, topped the polls.

    “It is not our right to blame one party for the delay in negotiations,” Hussein said. “It might be a negotiation technique by some political parties. Maybe it is because of an inability to overcome internal differences within a party with regards to the negotiations. Maybe some political parties are demanding posts that cannot be given to them,” he added.

    “The president has met the PUK leadership several times. He has encouraged them to unite and overcome their internal differences. But he has not interfered to the point of recommending a president. That is exclusively PUK’s internal matter,” according to Hussein.

    It is seemingly a disagreement over the post of the deputy prime minister that has caused the government delay.

    Citing its Strategic Agreement with the KDP, the PUK claims it has the right to occupy the post, while Gorran notes that it is entitled to the position because of the election results.

    Hussein said there were three proposals to resolve the deadlock. The first is to have three deputy prime ministers, the second is to have two and the third is to have no one in that post.

    “The three recommendations are being discussed and each one has its advantage and disadvantages,” Hussein said.

    “If the prime minister appoints three deputies he would have to divide the tasks among them, while he would not have that problem if he had no deputy. But the downside of having no deputy is that the prime minister would have to appoint an acting prime minister with full authority in his absence. The recommendation of two deputies has its own problems as well.”

    Hussein also referred to the fighting in Ramadi between government forces sent in by Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and Islamic militants, and said that the security situation in Anbar and Fallujah had deteriorated.

    “With regard to the security developments in Ramadi, President Barzani and Prime Minister Maliki are in direct contact,” Hussein said. He refuted that Baghdad had asked the Kurdistan Region to send Kurdish Peshmarga forces to Ramadi and Fallujah.


  8. #8
    Currency Auctions

    Announcement No. (2582)

    The latest daily currency auction was held in the Central Bank of Iraq on the 23-Jan-2014 results were as follows:

    Details Notes
    Number of banks 15
    Auction price selling dinar / US$ 1166
    Auction price buying dinar / US$ -----
    Amount sold at auction price (US$) 164,504,000
    Amount purchased at Auction price (US$) -----
    Total offers for buying (US$) 164,504,000
    Total offers for selling (US$) -----

    Exchange rates ( 1,222 Market Rate )

    Dollar's exchange rates / in Baghdad markets


  9. #9
    Parliament: General Budget Law will be included in the agenda for the meeting next Tuesday
    Editor Ammar al-Ani - Thursday January 23, 2014

    Alsumaria News / Diyala
    Announced the decision of the House of Representatives Muhammad Al-Khalidi, on Thursday, said the General Budget Law will be included in the agenda for the meeting next Tuesday, noting that Parliament will seek to speed up the passage of the budget after discussion of all axes.

    Follow ..


  10. #10
    Najafi and Obama discuss the integration of the tribes in the Iraqi forces

    Editor Ammar al-Ani - Thursday January 23, 2014

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Search House Speaker Osama Najafi and U.S. President Barack Obama, the integration of the tribes in the Iraqi forces, as Iraqi leaders urged Obama to continue the dialogue in order to be legitimate demands taking into account all groups in the political process.

    The White House said in a statement released him, and had seen "Alsumaria News", it said that "President Alamerreqi Barack Obama discuss in his intervention during a meeting between U.S. Vice President Joe Biden and House Speaker Osama Najafi, the integration of the clans Iraqi forces," noting that "the two sides agreed the need for security and political measures to fight terrorism. "

    The White House said that "the two sides also discussed the measures that will allow the integration of tribes and local forces in the security infrastructure of Iraq," adding that "Obama urged Iraqi leaders to continue the dialogue in order to be legitimate demands taking into account all groups in the political process."

    And announced the U.S. Department of Defense (Pentagon), on Wednesday (January 22, 2014), to support the efforts of local officials and tribal Mtaderh Qaeda in Anbar, as confirmed accelerate its efforts to speed up the sending of defense equipment to supply the Iraqi army.

    The search came after House Speaker Osama Najafi and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Washington, developments in security and political situation in Iraq, especially in Anbar crisis, while stressed the need to distinguish between Al Qaeda and the legitimate demands of the people of Anbar.

    The House Speaker Osama Najafi arrived, in (January 20, 2014), to the U.S. capital Washington, accompanied by a number of deputies in the official visit of several days.


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