Baghdad (AIN) – The head of the Sadr Trend, Muqtada al-Sadr, renewed his rejection for granting the Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki a third term as PM.
Al-Sadr mentioned in his answer for a question from his followers over his opinion towards “granting PM Maliki a third term despite the problems that face Iraqis because of Maliki,” saying “If Iraqis do, I would not approve to grant him a third term as a Prime Minister.”
Muqtada al-Sadr: [is not] to allow a third-Maliki for prime minister
New leader Moqtada al-Sadr refused to give Prime Minister Nuri al -Maliki for a third term .
Sadr said in response to the Súal face him one of his followers about " you will agree to take on Prime Minister Nuri al -Maliki for a third term despite all what happened and is happening to the Iraqis because of him , saying , " Who are they? , But I do not . "
The relationship between the cleric Moqtada al -Sadr and Prime Minister Nuri al -Maliki has Chiz because of Maliki's visit recent visit to the United States and attack the chest of the owners in response to the Súal face to him by one of his followers while office issued Maliki's strongly worded statement accusing him chest killing Iraqis , saying "The right of Moqtada be exercised campaigning early , but it also does not underestimate the minds and memory of Iraqis who are well aware of the killing of their children in light of what was called the [ courts ] notorious and who was taking royalties and bribes and participated in sectarian strife and the list goes on , also remembers the honorable Iraqis also confronted firmly and strongly particularly al - Qaeda and the influence of Moqtada militia that fostered murder, kidnapping and theft of money in Basra, Karbala, Baghdad and other provinces . "
Sadr has strongly criticized al-Maliki for his visit to the United States by -concluded last Saturday , saying that " he had gone without taking ear or telling parliament and without the advice of friends or partners, " accusing him of "zero balance in his speech to the largest country in the occupation and it was better for him that yelling its partners in Iraq instead of begging from countries brought Iraq to the bottom of the abyss . " he said.
Addressing the chest Prime Minister Commenting on his visit to the United States " will not be your transactions with America beneficial economic and You are fighting from both serve the people of governors , ministers and others , and you want a third term does not mean تبريرك for your visit , which cost millions of dollars, he turned to the people and admitted Dafk and Pfhlk This is not a defect , but recognition error virtue " .
Was described as a member of the House of Representatives resigned Jafar Muhammad Baqir al- Sadr, the tone of the statement of the office of Prime Minister Nuri al- Maliki, who attacked the leader Moqtada al-Sadr بالوقاحة intended for personal national Iraqi longer touch them and the Nile , including the abuse of Iraq and the family of al-Sadr family that her prestige and their national positions and humanity.
The relationship between the Sadrist movement led by Moqtada al-Sadr and Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki , who leads a coalition of state law tense since
International Oil, Gas Conference next month in Erbil
Erbil (NINA) – Early next month, Erbil is to host the Third International Conference on Oil and Gas.
In a statement to the press on Tuesday, Nov. 12, informed source at Kurdistan Region's Ministry of Natural Resource said that the 4-day Conference, due to be held on early December, will be attended by senior officials and representatives for oil and gas companies, as well as experts.
He added that the Ministry will initiate its official web site that is to cover the Ministry's activities and oil contracts in Kurdish language.
Kurdish Parties Divided Over Fighting Iraqi Elections as Single Bloc
By HEVIDAR AHMED
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - As Kurdish political parties prepare for the Iraqi parliamentary elections in late April next year, some senior officials from the Kurdish opposition have expressed skepticism about joining a united Kurdish bloc in the disputed territories.
Some of the larger opposition parties say they do not back such a move because of bad experience in the past with the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).
“The KDP and PUK committed many frauds in the previous provincial elections in Mosul and Diyala,” charged Aram Muhammad, the head of the Change Movement’s (Gorran) election office. “We have learned from our experience not to repeat the same mistake.”
A senior official from the Kurdistan Islamic Union echoed Muhammad’s concerns about KDP and PUK’s wrong approaches in Nineveh and Diyala. “We cannot trust them because they only seek their own interests,” said Muhammad Ahmad, former head of the Islamic Union’s faction in the Iraqi parliament.
However, Abdulstar Majid, a member of the Islamic League’s (Komal) political bureau, said that his party supports a united Kurdish bloc in the disputed territories, especially in Kirkuk. “In order not to waste the Kurdish votes in the disputed territories, the Kurdish political parties must form a coalition to participate in the upcoming parliamentary election in those areas,” he urged.
Under the electoral law, each province is allocated a number of parliamentary seats, based on population. This law, which is to be implemented in the upcoming election, grants three extra seats to the three Kurdish provinces, increasing the total number of Kurdish seats to 44.
Najib Abdulla, the current head of the Islamic Union’s faction in the Iraqi parliament, believes the new method of distribution could grant up to seven more seats to the Kurds seats in the April election.
Abdulla called on the Kurdish political parties to take advantage of the law. “The Kurdish political parties should carefully study the number of Kurds in each Iraqi province, especially in Kirkuk,” he added.
The Islamic Union’s Ahmad presumes that the extra seats could favor his party in the April election. “The Islamic Union is currently working on appointing its candidates for the next election,” he said.
In the 2010 election, the Kurdish bloc won 15 parliamentary seats in the disputed territories.
Abdulla believes that number could increase to 20 seats if the Kurdish political parties participate in the upcoming election as a single bloc.
With the new distribution method, the Kurds will be able to increase their presence from 18 to 20 percent in Iraq’s next National Assembly.
Gorran, which currently has eight places in the Iraqi parliament, also hopes to benefit from the new distribution. “All the statistics show that Gorran will win more seats in the upcoming election,” Muhammad claimed.
Aram told Rudaw that his party would soon discuss nominating its candidates for the election.
Majid also discussed the nomination process with his party. “The party’s branches in each province are responsible for selecting its candidates in the respective province,” he explained.
When asked whether the Kurdish parties are willing to form a coalition in the disputed territories Khasraw Goran, the head of the KDP’s election bureau, said that the KDP will begin discussing the initiative with the other parties next month.
He said that, at this point, it is unclear whether the Kurdish parties support a coalition in the disputed territories.
A Stronger Kurdistan in the Pipeline
By Ako Mohammed
In a book I was reading recently a document caught my attention. It dates back to the Kurdish civil war era and is about a conversation between Jalal Talabani, the leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), and a delegate from the Iranian Revolutionary Guards (Pasdaran). The two discuss possible ways to export crude oil from the Shiwashok fields in Kurdistan to Iran in order to generate revenues for the PUK-controlled areas.
Given the situation back then, a conversation of this nature is quite normal. Relations those days with the neighboring countries were often based on military and intelligence interests. Moreover, the Kurdish people’s need for survival made many practices normal.
But the situation is completely different today. ExxonMobil and many other oil giants are operating in Kurdistan. As we all know, in less than a month the Kurdistan-Turkey pipeline is to carry Kurdish oil to the outside world. As my friend and Gorran MP Ali Hama Salih says, this is a strategic and historical project, “If kept in honest hands.”
From the era of getting oil buckets we have leapt into the era of pipelines. This is a great opportunity for Kurdistan to play an important economic role. The Kurdistan Region sits on 55 billion barrels of oil. This is to say that Kurdistan’s oil reserves are bigger than those of Libya. Reports also indicate that Kurdistan can be one of the world’s major suppliers of natural gas.
Three years ago, a former adviser to the German chancellor told me that the world still does not believe the figures coming out of Kurdistan. That is because the numbers have not been verified. But once they are, Kurdistan will be in a strong position in the world.
Today, Kurdistan is reaching out to the outside world. But because this is not noticed inside Kurdistan, it has made it difficult to take advantage of the economic steps the region is taking to promote its political status.
Domestic issues in Kurdistan, particularly in Sulaimani province, overshadow the oil pipelines and make them seem insignificant.
The pipeline might be seen as just a means to export oil. But to me, it is significant in two aspects: First, it will prevent the smuggling of oil and make oil exportation a national project. Second, it will provide a stronger bargaining chip for Kurdish politicians. As Reuters had pointed out, it will provide economic independence for Kurdistan.
By owning its oil and getting to export 300,000 barrels per day from the Kirkuk oilfields, Kurdistan can prevent Baghdad from imposing difficult and unreasonable conditions on the autonomous region. This would also tell Baghdad that Erbil can no longer ignore Kurdistan’s share of the federal budget, which is expected to reach US$18 billion.
Kurdistan will gain more political strength once the pipelines have become operational. Therefore, political groups must look to the future instead of focusing their attention on petty domestic issues.
For instance, the Change Movement (Gorran) is one of those political parties that has a share in the future of Kurdistan; therefore it has to have a vision and future plans. It should not tie everything to the new government and the provincial administration in Sulaimani. We need a good opposition that can keep the hands honest.
On the other hand, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and PUK have to take the views of their members more seriously. The inside voices that call for “letting go of some posts for the sake of stability” must be heard. This means the PUK and KDP should be more generous when negotiating with Gorran and other parties.
In recent years, the Middle East has witnessed several examples of religious parties coming to power. These parties have usually encountered problems when it comes to dealing with a democratic system of governance. This has led to the fall of some — such as in Egypt — or to major challenges in terms of democratic values, such as human rights and public freedoms. Why are religious parties unable to deal with democracy? Is it the lack of necessary experience in governance, or are there other fundamental issues —linked to the intellectual and ideological structure of the religious parties — behind the problem?
While Islamic parties in the Middle East have been keen to use democracy as a way to reach power and maintain their authority, they do not apply democratic principles when it comes to other aspects of governance.
AuthorAli MamouriPosted November 12, 2013
Historically, Middle Eastern societies have been confronted with democratic systems of governance in a sudden manner. This has resulted in a great shock within these societies, particularly among intellectuals. In contrast, democracy came to the West gradually, through centuries of cognitive theories developed by thinkers of the Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment eras, and accumulated human experiments. Moreover, some aspects of a democratic system have been present in European societies since the Middle Ages. The most important of these aspects — when making a comparison with the Middle East — is the relative separation between the political and religious authorities within various systems of governance in Europe.
Islam and the Foundations of Governance, a book by Ali Abdel Raziq published in 1925 — shortly after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1922 — is a qualitative example of the shock that was produced at the time and subsequent reactions. The main idea of the book focused on rejecting the “caliphate” as the legitimate Islamic form of governance. Abdel Raziq pointed out that there is no specific system of governance prescribed in Islam, and that Islam did not forbid taking into consideration rational judgments and countries’ experiences in building their systems of governance. The book was harshly criticized by scholars of Islamic law in Egypt and other Arab countries. The author was tried and stripped of his position as a judge in Egypt, and many responses to the book were published.
Theologians in Islamic societies faced the shock of democracy with the following question: Is it possible to establish a political system to manage the state that is separate from the religious system? The question was raised against the backdrop of a prevailing ideology that Islam is the true religion, is unequaled by any other religion, and should provide human beings with all their demands, whether individual or collective. Based on that, these thinkers showed two types of reactions. The first radically rejected democracy, and described it as being contrary to and divergent from Islam in all cases. The second tried to reconcile Islam and democracy, based on different versions of “modernizing Islamic theology." The first reaction was adopted by the various Salafist regimes in the region, which conclusively rejected the democratic system by abstaining from holding elections, establishing political parties and other key elements of democracy. The second reaction was adopted by the religious parties that we are talking about.
The binary principle is the main problem of religious parties, as they try to combine the rule of God with the rule of the people in governance. The contradiction between the values of democracy and some provisions of Sharia law emerges here, posing a significant challenge to these parties. This challenge occurs because while they rose to power through democratic mechanisms, they could not comply with all values and elements of the democratic system. So they start to put restrictions and exceptions on democratic action in a variety of methods referred to as “religious democracy” by the religious parties.
The first theoretical attempt in history came with the Shiite Jurist Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, who considered that Islam can govern the community within democratic mechanisms, in an article titled “Khalafat al-Insan wa-Shahadat al-Anbia” (Victory the Role of Man, and Witness the Role of Prophets), where he mentioned the combination between the will of the people and that of God. The article was published in a collection known as Al-Islam Yaqod al-Hayat (Islam is Leading Life). The idea was developed in the Iranian Islamic regime by Islamic Revolution theorists, most notably Morteza Motahhar, Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Behesht and Ayatollah Mohammad Taghi Mesbah Yazdi, who all have several publications on this subject.
The Iranian achievement in developing the idea of combining democracy with Islamic Sharia law is summarized by separating between legitimacy and acceptability. When Western political philosophers talk about democratic legitimacy, they clearly mean a system of governance that is accepted by the people. Yet, for the theorists of the Islamic Revolution and other Islamic parties in the Arab countries, legitimacy is adopted and based on Sharia law, and not the people’s will.
The will of the people only provides the possibility of activating the real legitimacy, which is religious legitimacy. Accordingly, democracy is only a means to access and maintain power, not a comprehensive approach to the political regime.
These theoretical efforts — in addition to the practical experiences of both Iran and Turkey, despite their differences — had a significant impact on the development of the political theory of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. Its political discourse shifted from absolute rejection of democracy as inherited from Sayyid Qutb, to the exploitation of democracy as an electoral tool, regardless of democracy’s values and other key elements. Moreover, Shiite religious parties such as the Islamic Dawa Party in Iraq and Hezbollah in Lebanon share the Iranian vision on deeper theological and doctrinal levels.
Thus, in each of the models where religious parties took power — such as in Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia and Iraq — lies an ambition similar to that of subjecting society to Sharia law, despite Sharia’s contradictions with the democratic model of governance. This raises fears among the opponents of these religious parties, especially in terms of human rights and public freedoms.
One may deduce from the foregoing that the religious parties cannot be fully molded within a democratic system, given their dual ideological principles. This duality would restrict democracy within the religious limits of these parties. This is why these parties are always facing social crises demanding them to abide by the values and principles of democracy and not to content themselves with using them as electoral tools that represent one aspect, and not all aspects, of democracy.
Columnist, Iraq Pulse
Ali Mamouri is a researcher and writer who specializes in religion. He is a former teacher in Iranian universities and seminaries in Iran and Iraq. He has published several articles related to religious affairs in the two countries and societal transformations and sectarianism in the Middle East.
Najafi block dissident form a new grouping to contest the next election
13-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad: Hamza Mustafa
Declaration and Minister of Agriculture Iraqi Azzedine State, former leader of the Iraqi List led by Iyad Allawi, deputy head of the «united» led by Osama Najafi, the formation of a political bloc as new «road» to contest the next parliamentary elections in 2014, be so may open the way toward determining the menu options of the blocks and menus under the signs of the disintegration of the blocks and large entities, whether Shiite or Sunni.
Izz al-Din said the state said in a statement yesterday that he «was the formation of a new political bloc with the road, to contest the next parliamentary elections in 2014, including politicians, intellectuals and tribal leaders. The statement added that «bloc will stick to the application of the provisions of the Constitution, the values and the basic components of national identity and values of Iraqi society and the creation of Islamic unity and national sovereignty, renounce violence and coercion in all its forms and respect for and promotion of public order in the country», indicating that it «is considering entering into coalitions at the level of Iraq and the Nineveh province, with blocks Other national not afford sectarian or ethnic status.
In a statement to «Middle East» said Azzedine state, that «the bloc formed consisting of a group of politicians, intellectuals, and clan elders who did not enter after the political project did not get involved in any of its aspects, which are not gone one», adding that «bloc represents an approach and a new national seeks to provide a true picture of political projects without outbidding ». He said: «I will focus on the province to which I belong, a Nineveh province. While it would team up 'with other nearby blocks of the project has completely ruled out that allied with any bloc «with the same sectarian public may try all the blocks, menus, and is able to distinguish.
For its part, the bloc «united» During a meeting in Arbil, capital of the Kurdistan region last week chosen leader of the list of Iraq and finance minister resigned Issawi vice president, rather than the state, which had split them up and returned to the government after he announced his resignation in protest at what he suffered demonstrators in Nineveh province to which it belongs.
The choice Issawi, deputy head of the «united» in light of the crisis caused by the statements of the leader of the coalition of state law, Izzat Shabandar, to «Middle East» last Saturday in which he referred to as the transfer to see Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to him and which are summarized non-intervention in the affairs of the judiciary and integrity, and that he does not have a personal feud with him. However, al-Maliki announced his exile in separate statements Shabandar assigned to conduct negotiations with al-Issawi, describing Issawi 'accused'. While silent 'united' for al-Maliki accused him of involvement in terrorist operations, the National Dialogue Front, led by Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq announced its refusal to describe al-Issawi defendant. A leading figure in the front and a member of the Iraqi parliament Haider Mulla said in a statement yesterday, said that «some accusations Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki against some of the political partners, including against former Finance Minister Rafie al-Issawi, comes to complement the series targeting political», describing modern-Maliki «You may terrorism or integrity Issawi involved as part of the political targeting. Al Mulla said, that the «movements shuttle that carried out by al-Maliki to appease al-Issawi countless», past to say: «It is shameful that after Maliki's envoy to occur out-Maliki denied. Mulla said: «We reject the description Issawi defendant because of the Iraqi national leaders who addressed the dictatorial approach and the price of confronting that ranks as the file that file-Maliki right leg.
In the context of reactions about the possibility of an entities and new coalitions in the future and the fate of the Iraqi List, said Mazhar al-Janabi, leader of the bloc «united» and a member of parliament, said that «the next week can attest to develop more of the concept of alliances because things are not entirely clear, but the graph that we are working on is to adopt the draft combines All, without exception, but according to the guidelines and specific grounds. He added that «the (Iraqi) remain Bchkhosa and its leaders, and they all feel that they are in the same boat, but we feel that the response were not for a specific person, but the project is still valid, but I can say it is rooted more after people saw the horrors and suffering, marginalization and exclusion, regardless of The existence of this or that person.
But an independent member of the Iraqi List and Academic Dr. Talal Zobaie says, that «the Iraqi List, was originally currents of thought multi Since the unit any list depends on the unity of thought and not through a contradiction in visions and orientations regionalism and tribalism, it is and when it hit Iraqi land actually appeared on the reality as representing component. In response to a question on the support of all «Iraq» to Iyad Allawi, to become prime minister, which does not belong to the component Sunni, Zobaie said: «If the Federal Court prevented that they were not preclude that the President of the Republic of share», pointing at the the same time that «the leader of the (Iraqi) Iyad Allawi lost its luster after the leave list crumble and become under the domination of political Islam». And on his vision for alliances future, Zobaie said that «the number of deputies (Iraqi) independent and not associated with any Islamic project will form a bloc and can fight elections, an independent list and with others outside of the (Iraqi) non-Islamists and sectarians also lists and other blocs».
Barzani: negotiations to form the next government of Kurdistan include all parties
13-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil: Shirzad Shikhani of the
Accelerating the pace of preparations current of several parties to enter the negotiation phase for the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government to come, amid expectations of political observers that the consultations will be very difficult, especially with conflicting agendas and programs of the Parties to the winner in the recent parliamentary elections, specifically the programs of the opposition and the parties in power.
The opposition government intervention next momentum largest and commissioned popular impressively, which will raise the ceiling of demands, especially in terms of providing services to segments of society, and most importantly, access to a real partnership in the management of power, and this is what is difficult to digest by the parties in power and traditional both sides, party Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party, led by regional president Massoud Barzani, who Aatada the PA leadership in the region alone since more than twenty years, making negotiations difficult to reconcile the programs on both sides, but nevertheless the candidate to lead the next government, Barzani stressed that everything is negotiable. In his meeting with the German consul appointed to the Kurdistan region Alfred Smith Proteas yesterday, stressed that the negotiations «will include all parties, without exception, noting that his party had already stressed the importance of forming a national government involving all parties.
And pre-empted Barzani programs opposition parties when he said during a meeting last separate deputies his Kurdistan Democratic winners in the parliamentary elections, it must be on the block party to «play an active role in monitoring the work of the next government», and authorized Congress party بتأشير kinks and evaluate the performance of his government, and said: « must Taathaloua the courage necessary to monitor the performance of the government, and you that تتحققوا of its work with precision, and we are ready to put all the files and the work of the government before you, in order to achieve maximum transparency to the work of the next government ».
In the meantime, the form of the Kurdistan Islamic Union, which won ten seats in the recent parliamentary elections, his committee negotiating from a number of members of the political bureau and his leadership, and confirmed Abu Bakr Hldni politburo member, that «the Islamic Union is looking forward to forming a government of broad-based, and considers it the best options at the current stage, to be attended by each party according to the electoral entitlement, and do not marginalize or exclude any party in the election winner of that government participation.
On the possibility of conciliation between the programs of the opposition parties to power, said Kurdish source told «Middle East» that although the negotiations would be «arduous and difficult in light of the current changes, the reconciliation is possible, I believe, especially if there is a desire confirmed the involvement of opposition parties in the next government, That would be the government and the parties multiple standardized on a specific program, and therefore everyone will bear part of the responsibility of management, and will put all the public interest above other considerations, particularly the issue of protecting the security and stability of the region », adding that during the negotiation phase, which actually began« possible to agree on a government program unified acknowledges everyone, Vahzab opposition, which want to participate the government must give some concessions, by contrast, the parties in power also to make concessions and accept the participation of the opposition in the management of power if it wants to maintain the security and stability of civil, not the opposition can fulfill their pledges electoral outside the framework of power, and us experiences of the past four years, and parties in power this time able to marginalize the role of the opposition in the next stage because the equation has changed and it has to accommodate those changes, especially that this was the will of the voters.
Hakim for EU delegation: “Iraq open towards others”
Tuesday, 12 November 2013 23:40
Baghdad (AIN) –The head of the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council met a delegation from the European Union on Tuesday.
A statement by the SIIC received by AIN cited Tuesday “Hakim confirmed, during his reception at his office in Baghdad on Tuesday a delegation from the European Union, the necessity of developing relations between Iraq and the EU,” noting that “The new Iraq is open on others and seeks developing relations with all countries.”
The members of the delegation assured that their meeting with Hakim was “fruitful,” stressing “The support of the EU for the democratic experience in Iraq.”
MY DINAR CREED : I believe in the restoration of the value of the currency of Iraqi ( IQD ) and the international recognition thereof in due course. It is my belief that no one will know in advance thereof either the date or rate with any actionable certainty, i.e., that no one knows what sequence or coincidence of events will precipitate a substantial change for better in the value of the currency.
I allow for the possibility of most all things, I think that " It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it." - Aristotle, but I do not think / accept that there are " tiers " for exchange or different rates for different folks. I do not think / accept that there will be " 800 " numbers or special treatment for any groups. I do not think / accept that there will be a non disclosure agreement or that there is any reason to distinguish the currency that one holds as " IQN " at the time of exchange nor that the taxability of the exchange will depend upon any self serving language one uses to describe the transaction.
I subscribe to the following statement, " This is the Middle East, of course, where not everything progresses along expected or logical lines." - Semih IdizBonjour
Hope for the best, expect the unexpected, and prepare for the worst.
" Bonjour " ( internet listener beware ) and adieu.