" The Dinar Daily ", Wednesday, 4 September 2013
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  1. #1

    " The Dinar Daily ", Wednesday, 4 September 2013

    Comprehensive amnesty for deserters from the army and police over the past years .. Congress asking for clarification

    Baghdad / Mohammad Sabah - Called for the Security and Defense Committee in the House of Representatives, to clarify the amnesty decision by state fugitives and retarded in the implementation of the military orders of the employees of the army and the police, arguing that the government's decision is ambiguous, and will include fugitives from institutions of the Ministry of Defense in time period extends until September 2007 to the present time, either Associates of inner فتوقعت be the foreseeable future for their inclusion, since 2003.

    Did not reveal the Ministries of Interior and Defense for the preparation of fugitives in their ranks, although the approximate figures indicate the presence of thousands of them who fled their units military for security reasons, especially in the provinces and hot spots, and some of them fled during the military operations took place in the country, especially after the "Charge of the Knights" in Baghdad, Basra and a number of provinces.

    He revealed a member of the security and defense committee in Parliament MP Iskandar and berries in a statement to the "long" yesterday that "the interior and defense ministries decided to pardon the fugitives in their ranks over the past years," explaining that employees of the Ministry of Defence covered by the resolution starts from fleeing in September 2007 and so far, The Runaways in the ranks of inner Faragh be a comprehensive amnesty for them from 2003 until today. "
    He explained that the amnesty "covered will protect it from the subordination of the military courts and hold them accountable for offenses committed while carrying out the service, and pardon them will also join their units and direct military tasks entrusted to them."

    Under the Military Penal Code of 2007 to impose penalties ranging from death to life imprisonment and temporary confinement severe for less than five years imprisonment simple for less than three months, in addition to sanctions, fines and revoke the contract, expulsion and referral to the list of half salary and deprivation of the foot, imposed on the associate fugitives and negligent in their duties according to the nature of violating.

    The President of the Commission on Security and Defense amnesty from the government for fugitives from military units in both its military and police, and said the "long" yesterday that "to determine mechanisms of this amnesty is up to the ministries of defense and interior, explaining that" the Commission on Security Parliamentary are asked the government to issue the pardon but it requires detailed instructions. "

    Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki announced last Sunday issued a blanket amnesty for the security elements of the fugitives, indicating that the amnesty also includes elements who were absent from their units and duties.

    But the other member of the security and defense committee Hassan Jihad stressed the need for the Government to clarify the merits of the amnesty issued by giving clear instructions specify covered by the decision and the reasons that necessitated issuing a pardon.

    Jihad said in connection with the "long" yesterday that his committee demanded Zarate defense and interior required instructions for this amnesty as soon as possible, pointing out that the amnesty issued by the government is unclear, noting that there are large numbers of up to thousands, to Harbin for military service , but the exact number of numbers is known to have, "he said, adding that" the amnesty law will cover all mattresses that lagged behind the performance of military duty. "


  2. #2
    43 men lose their membership on the boards of 7 provinces in favor of women and reassure not change "the political map"

    Baghdad / Iyad al-Tamimi - Electoral Commission plans to change the 43 members on the boards of 7 provinces did not achieve women's quota in the light of the recent Federal Court decision which recommended the re-distribution of seats in local governments.

    The Commission pointed out that the decision applies to councils where women won three seats or less, saying it would publish details within 10 days, after objections made and Wasit Provincial Council suspended its protest and a request to clarify the picture.

    In the meantime, said a leading role in state law that the Federal Court decision would not threaten the political map of the provincial councils because he will be replaced by women members of the cluster itself. The Commission described how the distribution of seats as "wrong", he considered the Federal Court's decision the right one because it preserves the rights of women.

    The Federal Supreme Court, had been informed earlier, the Electoral Commission to abide by its resolution for amending the system of distribution of seats to elect provincial councils irregular province, stating that "these amendments will change the map of some political blocs and eliminate seats in some of the winners and adds other women" .

    The Federal Court has ratified Sunday, the decision to amend the calculation of provincial council seats for which elections took place recently.
    The House of Representatives voted by majority vote, during its early August 12, 2012, on the second proposed amendment to the Law on Election of provincial councils and districts and sub-districts No. 36 of 2008, and provincial elections were held last April.

    In this context, Mekdad said Sharifi, director of the constituency in the House of the Electoral Commission for elections, "It is the understanding of the Commission to the provincial elections law, paragraph V of Article 13 relating to Pkōta women, the entities that have received one seat or two seats will not be affected and will not be canceled seat candidate, but will be replaced by the man with the Deputy in the provinces that have not achieved a women's quota of 25% from the same entity winner. "

    Sharifi said, in a statement to the "long" yesterday that "seven provinces will be affected by the decision of the Federal Court, notably Babel, Salahuddin, Baghdad, Diyala, Muthanna," noting that "the appeal made by some political entities in these provinces."

    He pointed out a member of the Electoral Commission that "the Commission worked hard in the implementation of the law of the provinces and the seats were distributed to the winner of a seat entity and one or two regardless of gender, but the Federal Court considered this action is unconstitutional." He stressed that "the provincial council, which did not materialize women's quota in which he must re-allocation of seats for entities with the seat or seats in the light of the Federal Court interpretations."

    He guessed Sharifi that the implementation of the decision of the court within the next 10 days, stressing that he "would be the date for the announcement of the final results and replaced by figures from the provincial councils."

    In turn, saw Hassan Sinead, a leader of a coalition of state law, said that "the jurisprudence of the Commission was not constitutional," explaining that "more than 43 Provincial Council member from seven provinces will change them and compensate women requirement that a woman of the same cluster, which belong to the entity winner."

    Sinead said, in an interview for the "long" yesterday, "The Federal Court decision is the right one to maintain the constitutional rights of women."
    He predicted the leadership of the state law that the "face of this resolution rejected by some of the characters that will lose its place," but he stressed that "the political map will not be affected by this decision because it replaced members of the same lists winning a seat or two seats to achieve the quota feminist," stressing that "positions have been distributed will remain intact. "

    Turn confirms Khaled Huani, head of the parliamentary legal committee, said that "the Federal Court decision will not affect the current in the form of alliances for provincial councils are legally not even political."

    And considered Huani, in an interview for the "long" yesterday, that "the figures will change according to the decision of the Federal Court will be alternates from the women and the same mass."

    The Kurdistan Alliance MP that "the decision of the Federal Court does not mean the abolition of St. Lego also understand the other, but only related to the distribution of seats in the provincial councils, which did not take into account women's quota."

    And quoted Huani that "the Kurdistan Alliance won in the province of Salahuddin one seat went to the deputy got more than 9000 thousands of votes, but the decision of the Federal Court committed change candidate and candidate through payment received 1,000 votes to achieve the quota of women."


  3. #3
    Sheikh Abbas Muhammadawi: the Baghdad explosions caused by the weakness of the intelligence efforts

    (Voice of Iraq) - The Secretary-General of the Sons of Iraq coalition fervent Sheikh Abbas Muhammadawi explosions taking place in the capital Baghdad caused by the weakness of intelligence efforts.

    He explained in a statement: that poor intelligence efforts in our armed forces, a direct cause in the continuing explosions in Baghdad and a number of provinces, while the terrorist organizations have intelligence activity and powered by strong elements in the government influence them.

    He added: Strangely, the more we oppression them down in the inspection and we have increased the number of checkpoints in the streets getting their terrorist activity.

    He demanded Muhammadawi commander in chief of the armed forces and security leaders to develop a plan positive security and effective to be stronger than the schemes of terrorist groups, calling for the defense and interior ministries to take caution of the attacks may be more violent than we have seen in the past two days, with the need to tighten security prisons in the region South.


  4. #4
    Maliki to Run for Third Term Following Court Decision

    By: Ali Abel Sadah for Al-Monitor

    On Aug. 26, 2013, the Federal Supreme Court of Iraq announced that it had overturned a previous law, passed by parliament, that limits the president, prime minister and parliament speaker to two terms of office.

    The law, which was passed by parliament on Jan. 26, 2013, had prevented Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki from running for a third term as head of the government.

    Judge Abdul Sattar Bayraktar told Al-Monitor, “The Federal Supreme Court invalidated the law, which was voted on by parliament and limited the terms of the president, prime minister and parliament speaker, under the pretense that it is a proposed law and not a draft law.”

    There is a big difference between the two terms: Proposed laws are referred by MPs, while draft laws are submitted by the federal government, led by Maliki.

    In 2011, Maliki addressed Parliament Speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, where he emphasized that “the government that I lead is the one that has the right to promulgate laws, which should be subject to discussion and vote in parliament.”

    Bayraktar said, “The Federal Supreme Court was convened on Aug. 26, 2013, under the chairmanship of Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud, and the membership of each of the following judges: Farouk Mohammed al-Sami, Jaafar Nasser Hussain, Akram Taha Mohammed, Akram Ahmed Baban, Mohammed Saeb al-Naqshbandi, Abboud Saleh al-Tamimi, Michael Shamshoum Kas Korkis and Hussein Abou Taman. The court ruled unconstitutional the law limiting the terms of the president, prime minister and parliament speaker.”

    Bayraktar said, “One of the reasons behind the ruling is that parliament has taken a path that is different from the one stipulated by the constitution and decided by constitutional jurisdiction.”

    Bayraktar added, “The court's ruling states that limiting the prime minister’s term in office is contrary to the foundation of the political system, which is based on the will of the people.”

    Speaking to Al-Monitor, Mohammed al-Hassan, a Shiite member of the ruling Iraqi National Alliance, said, "The federal court’s ruling will allow Maliki to run for a third term.”

    Ali Shalla, a Shiite member of the State of Law Coalition, told Al-Monitor, “The State of Law Coalition, led by Maliki, was sure that the court would reject the law. ... The law was originally prepared to prevent Maliki from running for a third time for the premiership.”

    The court’s ruling has caused disturbances in the movement of Shiite religious leader Muqtada al-Sadr. Amir al-Kanani, a prominent Shiite leader of the Sadrist Movement, said, “The peaceful transfer of power is at risk, and we will need external intervention if the current situation continues,” adding, “The ballot boxes will decide; the bloc that gets the majority [of votes] will form the government.”

    As the court announced its ruling to invalidate the law, an informed source close to Maliki told Al-Monitor, “The preparations for Maliki to run for the post of prime minister, following the 2014 [general] elections, will have additional momentum.”

    The source continued, “Everything is almost ready, and Maliki has communicated with international actors to make them new offers designed to persuade them to [support him in his run] for a third term.”

    Yet, many observers believe that Maliki's task will be very difficult unless he is able to set up solid new alliances, particularly after losing Shiite allies such as the Sadrist movement and the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI), led by Ammar al-Hakim.

    Maliki seems to have reached a political agreement with his Kurdish rival, Massoud Barzani, president of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, particularly since the Iraqi federal court decided to annul an article of the election law that requires the verification of voters registered in the province of Kirkuk.

    The article, which the federal court decided to annul on Aug. 26, 2013, is Article 23 of the electoral law in the city of Kirkuk, an area that is disputed by Kurds, Arabs and Turkmen.

    Speaking to Al-Monitor, a source close to Maliki said “The recent rapprochement between Maliki and Barzani has led to a political agreement between the parties having to do with Maliki being prime minister for a third term, in exchange for concessions to the Kurds regarding Kirkuk and oil contracts.”

    Ali Abel Sadah is a Baghdad-based writer for both Iraqi and Arab media. He has been a managing editor for local newspapers as well as a political and cultural reporter for more than 10 years.


  5. #5
    Obama Stuns Israel With Delay on Syria Strike

    By:Ben Caspit for Al-Monitor

    Israel’s initial, Pavlovian response to President Barack Obama’s surprising decision to attack Syria only after receiving congressional approval was disappointment, scorn and derision. This was not the official response, of course, but was whispered in the corridors of power

    “Ultimately, there’s nothing to be done,” I was told on Aug. 31 by a senior assistant to a high-level, right-wing minister in Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government. “Barack Obama is a flower child. He grew up as a flower child, he was elected as a flower child and he acts like a flower child. The problem is,” added the fellow, “that he can allow himself to behave like a flower child, but meanwhile we are stuck here in the midst of the jungle.”

    It should be emphasized that Israel’s official response was restrained and measured. Prime Minister Netanyahu forbade the government’s ministers from expressing themselves on this subject. Only two ministers violated this embargo: the ultra-right-wing Deputy Defense Minister Danny Danon, who is viewed in Netanyahu’s milieu as a “wild card” over which they have no control, and Minister of Housing and Construction Uri Ariel, one of the most right-wing elements in the government (and member of Economy and Trade Minister Naftali Bennett’s HaBayit HaYehudi Party).

    Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz admitted, in briefing sessions held on Sept. 1, that Obama’s announcement had taken Israel by surprise, but he did not express a word of disappointment or criticism. “America works slowly. That is its nature,” a high-level military source said this week. “We must respect and understand this. It could be that Obama’s decision will emerge, in a historical perspective, as the right thing to do. It may very well be that congressional approval will provide the legitimacy for a real operation and not just a type of declaratory act. It could be that this insistence on working methodically and obtaining the proper backup is exactly what will strengthen Obama and sharpen the message aimed at Syria, and even more important, vis--vis Iran.”

    On Sept. 2, Israeli President Shimon Peres emerged with a public, sweeping endorsement of Obama’s decision. He had heard the whispers in the corridors and the smatterings of hints of criticism against Obama in Israel. Peres knows how irresponsible such acts can be. He knows how deeply America’s embroilment in the unnecessary war in Iraq entangled Israel. So he did what a responsible Israeli president is supposed to do: He gave Obama the respect and the time he deserves. Those close to the president say that Israel must not be perceived as dragging America into unnecessary wars, and this is absolutely correct.

    And Netanyahu? He is in a quandary. On the one hand, he feels like telling anyone willing to listen, “I told you so.” What does this mean? It means that there is no one we can rely on but our father in heaven (as the verse from the Jewish prayer book goes), or in other words, on the Israeli air force planes in the skies over Damascus or Tehran.

    Another interpretation is “one who sleeps with dogs, wakes up with fleas.” And also, if Obama isn’t capable of raising a little dust in Damascus in response to the slaughter of thousands of Syrians by gas, how can we expect him to confront an Iran that’s going nuclear? If he blinks now, how will he stand up to the real evil incarnate on Judgment Day? This is what Netanyahu wants to think. This is what is most convenient for him to think — because Netanyahu is the total of all his paranoid fears — and as a modern prophet of the second Jewish Holocaust (God forbid), he has the wonderful opportunity here to prove that sometimes paranoids are actually being persecuted.

    But Netanyahu is not stupid. He has learned a thing or two about Barack Obama. President Obama updated him before his speech on the night of Aug. 31, and afterward also explained his rationale. Obama calmed Netanyahu and explained that there is no connection between his behavior vis--vis Syria and his efforts to stop Iran. America has no interest in becoming embroiled in the Syrian civil war, Obama said. Between the lines, I suspect that he’s hinting that Israel also has no interest in seeing America ensnarled in another superfluous civil war. The main effort was, and remains, Iran. Obama promises that with regards to this issue there is no change, no softening, and no intention of blinking or foot-dragging.

    Did Obama’s elucidations calm Netanyahu’s fears? In his head, yes. In his gut, no. Netanyahu is never calm, especially with regard to these kinds of issues. After all, without Iran and Syria, there would be no Bibi. People in the Israeli political system wonder what Netanyahu would do if one fine day, the supreme leader of Iran, Ali Hosseini Khamenei, were to announce that he was dismantling his nuclear program, selling the uranium, closing down the reactors and transforming the centrifuges into flower pots. On that day, so they say in Israel, existential danger would be lifted from the State of Israel and replaced by existential danger to Netanyahu’s regime, which was built on stoking the public’s fears and worries about an on-duty, revolving Iran-like threat, be it actually from Iran or some other enemy country. So, Bibi is torn. He wants to believe Obama, but he is a suspicious person, a haunted man of little faith, so he elects to wait patiently for the results.

    The Israeli defense system waits with tense silence. Last Friday, Aug. 30, after the speech delivered by US Secretary of State John Kerry, a state of high alert was declared in Israel. The assessment was that the Syrian operation would be executed over the weekend.

    All six operational Iron Dome batteries in Israel’s hands were deployed, two of them in Gush Dan (in the Tel Aviv area); all the Arrow and Patriot anti-ballistic missile batteries were also deployed; the intelligence network was reinforced, as were the Home Front Command and the air force. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) advanced its armored forces on the Golan Heights to observation posts and stationed them in readiness for whatever the future might bring. The intelligence assessment regarding the probability that Assad would retaliate by firing on Israel was “low,” and even lower regarding the odds that he would dare launch a missile with a chemical warhead on Israel.

    President Obama’s speech in which he announced that he would turn to Congress struck the IDF like a thunderbolt. The IDF’s assessment had been that Obama had crossed the Rubicon and that the lot had been cast. Yes, there was a certain disappointment in the IDF, but it was not connected to the congressional process that Obama had chosen but to logistical considerations. Obama’s decision meant that the Israeli defense system must remain ready for action and on alert throughout the rapidly approaching Jewish High Holidays: the Jewish New Year falls on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, Sept. 4–6; Yom Kippur falls a week later, Sept. 13–14; and then Sukkot follows, Sept. 18–26.

    Such a long, tense period of waiting is not healthy for anyone’s nerves, certainly not in the Middle East of 2013. In any event, IDF sources expressed great satisfaction at the high level of coordination with the American forces. Relations between Generals Gantz and Martin E. Dempsey are classified as “excellent”; intelligence cooperation is perfect and has been at a record, all-time high for a long period. Life would be beautiful — if only Israel weren’t surrounded by so many problematic neighbors.

    The IDF did not respond to reports that Israel had provided the vital intelligence information used to make the determination that Assad’s regime was behind the gassing of Syrian civilians. It limited itself to the vague statement in a briefing by an IDF spokesperson that “Israel and the United States cooperate on intelligence issues and are coordinated down to the last detail, with regard to intelligence.” In the operational sphere, it seems, they are somewhat less coordinated.

    Ben Caspit is a contributing writer for Al-Monitor's Israel Pulse. He is also a senior columnist and political analyst for Israeli newspapers and has a daily radio show and regular TV shows on politics and Israel. On Twitter: @BenCaspit


  6. #6
    Iraqi Politicians Mobilize Followers Through Feasts

    By: Wassim Bassem for Al-Monitor

    In Iraq, the term “feast” is now politicized, after it has become one of the most important means to make political gains, win votes and confirm loyalties. Amid preparations for the 2014 general elections, candidates intending to run have started rallying votes through visits to tribes and social figures. These visits usually begin with a feast and end with promises related to jobs, services and coordinated construction projects.

    Sheikh Majid al-Chalabi told Al-Monitor that he is always busy receiving candidates and preparing for banquets that are usually held on the sidelines of meetings. “The feast mobilizes the public around politicians, who cannot help spending money and using the 'stomach' to sustain communication with the public,” he said.

    In a tribal society led by social prestige, there are those who believe that holding a dinner in honor of a candidate is a great achievement, given that this candidate might become a high-ranking employee and a decision-maker in terms of the completion of projects, employment of the unemployed and conclusion of transactions.

    Since 2003, holding a banquet in Iraq has turned into a “politicized” social event as far as elections are concerned. Thus, the difference between a traditional feast, which is considered an example of Arab generosity, and a politicized feast, which is usually held as propaganda or for political gain, has become insignificant — just like the thin line that politicians are keen to maintain between themselves and the people. Feasts have turned into an event that Iraqi politicians are keen to hold, to forge alliances and discuss problematic issues on their sidelines.

    Sheikh Adel al-Zubaidi — a tribal leader in Babil, whose clan is spread throughout the areas south of Baghdad, toward the provinces of Najaf, Karbala, Diwaniyah and Babil — told Al-Monitor that feasts are being used as a barometer indicating the connections that a given clan enjoys as well as its societal position.

    He continued, “A 'political' feast implies a decisive position in favor of one candidate or the other. We often see clans resort to social and political hypocrisy; they promise the visiting candidates that members of their clan will vote for them.”

    “Naturally, not many politicians trust the promises made by clans, which, in turn, are aware that a candidate’s main concern is to win votes. Once the election campaign is over, the candidate will be gone forever,” Zubaidi added. However, he then indicated, “Clans elect candidates to whom they are related, due to the familial and tribal fanaticism that characterizes Iraqis.”

    For his part, Qassim Mohammed, a political scientist from the University of Babylon, told Al-Monitor that there is a sectarian and political “paranoia” that encourages or even forces citizens to vote for candidates of their sect, tribe or nationalist group, because these candidates would protect them from others who are different at the sectarian and nationalist levels.

    He continued, “Since 2003, Iraqis started to develop the 'psychology of immunity' against others, and individuals started to elect candidates from their own sect in a bid to establish a sense of security from danger.”

    Besides the political feasts, Iraqi clans are known to hold “periodic” feasts, which occur on the sidelines of meetings and events that address social problems and emergency events. The latter include cases of murder, paying blood money and marriage as well as feasts held to reconcile or for hospitality purposes.

    In a society whose members are characterized by their love of eating it is difficult to count the number of banquets held every year. According to Zubaidi, “Not a week goes by without a feast or two being held, which shows the financial burden that clans undergo whenever they want to hold a meeting.”

    Some tribal elders reveal that these feasts are characterized by lavish expenditure, especially when the sheikh receives a “sign” from the political bloc, party or figure to generously spend money.

    At that point, the clans start bringing all kinds of food and beverages, including a stuffed lamb (gouzi), sauces and rice, which are prepared by chefs who specialize in large banquets. It should be noted that these banquets conclude with the distribution of donations and gifts to the public.

    Zubaidi confirmed that he spend about $60,000 on a single “electoral” banquet, as he put it.

    Yet, sociologist Ahmed Hussein highlights the positive aspects of this phenomenon, which offers an opportunity for dialogue between the politicians and the people, despite the fact that it is based upon an exchange of interests.

    Speaking to Al-Monitor, Hussein said, “In many cases, the winning candidate is compelled to deliver on his promises, especially on those given to large clans. These [clans] sometimes go as far as to remind him of what has been agreed upon.”

    He continued, “In the case of prominent and large clans, politicians remain prisoners of their promises. Whenever they fail to deliver on these promises, the clans will air their dirty laundry in an effort to overthrow them.”

    Hussein emphasized, “The role of clans in Iraq is important but somehow hidden. Their role is as important as the religious role, which tends to seem more influential and powerful in the media."

    Sheikh Tawfiq al-Yasari told Al-Monitor, “Both political parties and the religious establishment need [the support of] the clans. On the other hand, these clans do not need these two, except for when it comes to the completion of projects or employment of the unemployed and so on.” Yasari stressed, “Clans are a source of prestige and power, and others need this source.”

    Yasari gave the example of the “modern” banquets, which are not held in traditional guest houses or diwans, but in restaurants and luxurious hotels. Once everyone has finished eating, these banquets turn into electoral campaign conferences that may look like social initiatives, but are in fact held for political purposes.

    Wassim Bassem is an Iraqi journalist specializing in following social phenomena through investigations and reports published in various media outlets inclduing Al-Esbuyia, Bab Nour and Elaph.


  7. #7
    What Will Turkey Do If West Attacks Syria?

    By: Cengiz Candar Translated from Radikal (Turkey).

    A joint Western military operation against Syria is clearly at hand. The Financial Times said in an editorial on Aug. 26, “There are no good options, but to do nothing is the worst.” The French foreign minister had uttered the same sentence several days ago.

    Cutting short his holiday, British Prime Minister David Cameron returned to London and convened a key meeting on the action to be taken in Syria. For days, Cameron had been pressing the United States and France to do “something” against Syria. Britain wants to act. France, too, is willing. The “problem” was the United States. With the “Iraq syndrome” haunting its foreign policy, the Barack Obama administration — as everybody has long known — has no enthusiasm at all for a military intervention in Syria. But to stand by with folded arms was unthinkable for the US president after more than 1,000 people were killed in a “chemical weapons attack” in Damascus’ outskirts on Aug. 21, on the first anniversary of his declaration that the use of chemical weapons in Syria would amount to crossing “the red line.”

    US Secretary of State John Kerry, another official to cut short a holiday, declared that the use of chemical weapons was an “undeniable” fact. His statement marked the beginning of the countdown for a military intervention in Syria.

    A joint Western military operation is now looming for Syria. The friends and sympathizers of the Syrian regime are putting forward a myriad of seemingly “rational arguments” to show that it is impossible for the regime to have carried out such a chemical attack. Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem, too, has denied categorically that they are behind the chemical attack.

    Yet, the record of the Damascus regime gives it no credibility, and to look for a rationale behind its political decisions is often useless. It is a regime that has mowed down unarmed crowds in demonstrations that erupted on March 15, 2011, causing 100,000 deaths in 2 1/2 years, and has massacred tens of thousands of people in Hama in earlier years.

    Kerry said the evidence to be collected by UN experts in Syria would be important, but made it clear that the findings were not a must since “what has already happened in Syria is grounded in facts, informed by conscience and guided by common sense.” Kerry’s words could be taken as the declaration of a “decision to strike.” But what kind of a strike?

    The Aug. 26 issue of The Washington Post provides quite a clear answer: “President Obama is weighing a military strike against Syria that would be of limited scope and duration, designed to serve as punishment for Syria’s use of chemical weapons and as a deterrent, while keeping the United States out of deeper involvement in that country’s civil war, according to senior administration officials. … [The attack] would probably last no more than two days and involve sea-launched cruise missiles — or, possibly, long-range bombers — striking military targets not directly related to Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal.”

    Four US warships are currently in the Eastern Mediterranean, laden with 430 Tomahawk missiles with a range of 1,500 miles. In addition, Stealth aircraft, which have a capacity to carry up to 20,000 kilograms of bombs, are capable of taking off from their base in Missouri and reaching targets in Syria by refueling only once.

    What does this all signify for Turkey? The action against Syria will be essentially a US-French-British operation, led by the United States. There will be no “boots on the ground.” The operation will involve solely aerial action, similar to Bosnia in 1996 and Kosovo in 1999. Thus, neither the Americans nor the French and the British will be drawn into the “Syrian quagmire.” The bombing raids that brought the Serbs down to their knees in Bosnia and Kosovo were also carried out independently from the UN Security Council.

    In the strike against Syria, the likelihood of Turkish territory and airspace not being used is higher than the likelihood of them being used. Back in 2003, there were those who thought that Turkey was “indispensable” for a large-scale military intervention in Iraq, including some people who are presently governing Turkey. Parliament’s rejection of a government motion to allow US troops to enter Iraq from Turkish territory failed to stop the US invasion, which sought to topple Saddam Hussein’s Baathist regime. The move strained Turkish-US ties, and for some time Turkey had to watch the developments in Iraq, particularly in Kurdistan, from the sidelines.

    This time Turkey is supporting the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad’s Baathist regime in Syria and is keen for a Western military intervention. But ironically, unlike the 2003 action against Iraq, Turkey is not likely to play any major role. A “coalition of the willing,” with the United States at the helm and France and Britain forming the backbone, is likely to accomplish its goals without becoming “indebted” to Turkey.

    The essential objective is to punish Assad without toppling him. The military blow the regime will likely take is expected to prop up a bit the Syrian opposition, which has recently kept losing ground and positions. The magnitude of the “blow,” however, is likely to be calculated in a way that would keep a balance between the two sides, with neither of them allowed to “win Syria.” Hence, the potential targets of the operation are said to include the 155th Brigade of the 4th Armored Division — commanded by President Assad’s brother Maher Assad and held responsible for the chemical attack in Damascus’ Ghouta suburb — and the bases of the Shabiha paramilitary gangs, which have been shedding blood for 2 1//2 years.

    Certainly, there are questions to be asked to the government of [Turkish] Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who wants Assad to get a good bashing. The first and foremost one is this: What will your attitude be on a joint military operation against Syria by the United States, France and Britain, countries which you have kept accusing of hypocrisy regarding Egypt?

    Regardless of whether the answer is one of support or objection, the fact remains that Turkey is stuck in an “off-side” position on Syria. A joint Western military operation will leave Erdogan caught between rock and a hard place. The prime minister has been carried away big time in recent weeks, hardly even knowing what he is saying. Hence, he should take no offence from the question Ihsan Dagi posed in his column in the daily Zaman on Aug. 27: “It seems that the ‘blood- and oil-thirsty’ folks are coming back to the region. They are said to be coming to Syria to bring down the Assad regime. Shall they come? Since you answer in the affirmative and since you are even urging them to come and offering them partnership, then are you ready to forget all your tongue-lashing of the West, the United States and Europe in recent weeks? And what would you now tell those who say that your foreign policy — which you claim to be based on ‘principles and values’ — is all but being ‘devalued’ with this ‘partnership’?”


  8. #8
    MP: repealing the law of three presidencies is marginalization to the will of the people

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The MP, of the Iraqiya coalition, Faiza al-Obeidi described repealing the law of the mandate of the three presidencies in the Federal Court, as: "the marginalization of the will of the representatives of the people."

    Obeidi said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA /: "All those who want to provide service to the country and the people can provide this service from his position, whether among the presidencies or any other position."

    She added: "The limitation of the mandate of three presidencies in two terms has a considerable point of view and was being voted by the will of most members of the House of Representatives who are the representatives of the Iraqi people, and repealing in the Federal Court is a disregard of this will."

    MP, of the State of Coalition, Khalid al-Asadi announced that the Federal Court vetoed the law of the mandate of the three presidencies, which was voted by the House of Representatives in 26 January.


  9. #9
    Yassin Majeed accuses Saudi Arabia of exporting death and destruction to Iraq

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The MP, of the state of law coalition, Yassin Majeed accused Saudi Arabia that it exports death, murder and destruction to Iraq and since the founding of the modern Iraqi state. "

    He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "The policy of Saudi Arabia with Iraq is hostile policy since the monarchy and then to Abdul Karim Qasim and the same after 1963 when Baathists ruled Iraq , as well as during the reign of brothers Arif and then when the Baathists came to power in 1968. "

    Majeed added," the only exception in Saudi Arabia's relations with Iraq is when Saddam Hussein attacked Iran because he fought on behalf of the so - called protection of the eastern gate and until the end of the war it returned against Saddam and destroyed Iraq."

    He explained that "Saudi's position is consistent and clear as a negative position toward Iraq, it does not want Iraq strong and it has a strategic vision that it always stands against Iraq, regardless of being a king or Qasim, Arif brothers or Bakir or Saddam, which means Sunni or Shiite ."

    He stressed that "the policy of Saudi is negative toward Iraq, which is driven by three positions, the first is that Iraq has got out the Americans in addition to the clear Iraqi position towards the Syrian crisis , which we pay for it, and the third one is the current Prime Minister Maliki is a / Shiite / and Shiites cannot govern Iraq ."


  10. #10
    INA discusses the political and security situation

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The Iraqi National Alliance discussed, at a meeting last night headed by Ibrahim al-Jaafari, President of the Alliance and with the presence of representatives of the political components of the Alliance, the political and security situation in Iraq.

    A statement by Jaafari's office cited that : "The meeting discussed a number of important issues in the forefront of the political and security situation in Iraq."

    The statement added: " Prime Minister Nuri al –Maliki submitted a report to the political body of the National Alliance concerning the security measures to counter the criminal campaign led by the forces of terror," adding , "the report touched the grave situation in Syria , the potential military strike and Iraq's position in the Arab League, which refuses any strike to any Arab and Muslim country as well as the repercussions of such a strike , with an emphasis on Iraq's approach since the beginning of the conflict between the regime and the opposition , which is calling for a peaceful solution , and non-interference in the internal affairs of this country, and to refrain from supporting any party with weapons , and condemning the use of chemical weapons by any party . "

    The statement pointed out: "The Iraqi National Alliance discussed the views of the blocs about the amendment of the election law to the next House of Representatives," stressing the need to approval, and formed a committee to bring the views among the Alliance's blocs.

    The statement continued: "The Vice President presented a report on the achievements of Iraqi National Alliance's committee, under his chairmanship to discuss the initiative of the social peace, and the proposed date for the convening of the National Forum."



    Political body of the National Alliance searching the security situation and discuss the views of the masses on amending the election law

    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} met the political body, the National Alliance, headed by President of the Alliance, Ibrahim al-Jaafari, to discuss the political and security situation, the Iraqi arena, and discussed the views of the masses on the amendment of the law the next election.

    A statement by the Information Office of the President of the National Alliance, Ibrahim al-Jaafari, the agency received {Euphrates News} a copy of it on Wednesday, "The head of the Iraqi National Alliance, Ibrahim al-Jaafari held a meeting of the Political Commission of the Alliance, in the presence of representatives of the political components internalized all of the participation of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, and Vice-President Republic Khudair Khuzai ".

    He added, "The meeting discussed a number of important issues were in the forefront of political and security situation, and heard a report from the Prime Minister who put the political body of the National Alliance of Iraq in the form of security measures to counter the campaign criminal led by the forces of terror and darkness."

    And ascended terrorism unit his criminal during the current period if witnessing the country a wave of escalation of terror through the bombings continued, which left behind hundreds of thousands of widows and orphans, most recently Machdth different parts of the capital, Baghdad, on Tuesday evening, as it exploded {12} car bomb, which included Both of the {New Baghdad, and Husseiniya, Abu Dsheer, and student, and laboratories, and the session, Karrada, and saffron, inspired by the media, and the police Fourth, the student, in addition to the explosion area Baya} resulted in Lugu more than {164} citizen among dead and wounded .

    The statement noted that "the meeting touched on the grave situation in Syria, the position of a military strike potential, and Iraq's position in the Arab League refuses to strike any Arab country and Muslim, and the repercussions of such a strike, with an emphasis on the approach التزمه Iraq since the beginning of the conflict between the regime and the opposition, which is call for a peaceful solution, and non-interference in the internal affairs of this country, and to refrain from supporting any party with weapons, and condemning the use of chemical weapons by any party. "

    Syria has seen since more than two years, deteriorating security situations as a result of armed clashes between the regular forces and gunmen without reaching a solution to end the conflict in Syria.

    The U.S. defense secretary, Chuck Hagel, had announced last Tuesday, his country's readiness to strike Syria, if the decision was the U.S. president, Barack Obama, while the president of the United States, Barack Obama, last Saturday, in a speech ready to strike military to Syria, noting that the implementation of such a strike is not subject to time, as it may be today, next Oalosbua or within one month.

    And most of the political blocs expressed concern about what is produced from any military attack may be exposed him Syria, مبينين that waging war on Syria will negatively affect the region in general and in Iraq in particular.

    The statement said, "They also discussed the outcome of the views expressed coalition between the blocks on the amendment of the law next House of Representatives election, and stressed the need to expedite the approval, and formed a committee to bring the views traded between the parties".

    The Presidency of the Council of Representatives, has decided on Tuesday, that will be next Monday, the deadline to discuss the upcoming election law.

    And different powers and blocs on the system and the mechanism of the election in the upcoming legislative elections, where preferably each system, which was used in the provincial elections non-performing province in 2013, a {St Lego}, while insisting others to change this system, demanding blocks the application of closed-list system and تخالفها other and moving towards open , to be the speech chapter on the subject of good religious authority which has expressed its opposition and its categorical rejection of the closed-list system.

    The mass of the citizen representative, has confirmed earlier support for the list of open and constituencies multi-election in the House of Representatives next, where between MP Abdul Hussein Abtan that "the bloc confirms its support existing open-circuit multi However system {St Lego} that being it simple modification , noting that it supports the proposal not to run dual nationality for the elections, adding that dual nationality paving the way for many to escape to the officials outside country after Achtlashm of the state funds.

    The statement continued that "the meeting concluded the report submitted by the Vice President of the Republic than accomplished by the Committee in charge of the Iraqi National Alliance and under his chairmanship to discuss the initiative of the social ladder, and the proposed date for the convening of Forum National; to discuss the vocabulary of this initiative, and to sign a document of honor agreed implicitly."

    And leads the Vice President Khodair al initiative to sign a document of honor and social peace in the country, one of several important points in the forefront of maintaining the country's unity and sanctity of Iraqi blood and the adoption of dialogue to solve problems.

    And View Alkhozai this initiative to all parties and discussed with them on that will be signed during a meeting of all the forces and leaders of political blocs.

    It is said that all the initiatives going on in raging arguments and visions head the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq Ammar al-Hakim Almistohat look of a humanitarian and national comprehensive situation of the country and the people and the sense of continuing concerns of the citizens and their aspirations to a life free and dignified, where Mr. Ammar al-Hakim had initiated in light of that seen in the country crises and reached my head hierarchical top two authorities in the country, namely the executive, legislative and the dispute was between Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and Parliament Speaker Osama Najafi and the escalation between the two men, who arrived to the extent of the threat, and saw the month of June, held Mr. Hakim meeting symbolic gathering during which the leaders and the political blocs, and yielded a historic reconciliation between Maliki and Najafi, what this general situation in the country and assured the people after that threatens to escalate the compass was difficult to predict its outcome, and the subsequent meetings and dialogues are all in the right direction that achieves the interests of the country and the people. M ended


    Last edited by chattels; 09-04-2013 at 10:31 AM.

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