Iraqi Federal Court authorizes the owners of a third term
Baghdad: Al-Sharq Al-Awsat - Iraqi Federal Court overturned yesterday a law passed by Parliament earlier this year sets the state Prime Minister بولايتين, which will allow Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to run for a third term as opposed to the desire of his opponents who supported the law in parliament.
A judicial source said that «the Federal Court decided to overturn parliament's decision to determine the mandate of the President Minister بولايتين» without further details. And Khalid al-Asadi, MP for the State of Law coalition led by al-Maliki, set aside the Court, and confirmed that the reasons for the veto on how legislation.
The voice of the Iraqi Council of Representatives (parliament) in January (January) last year, a bill to identify with two States, which prevents al-Maliki from running for a third term, a move considered by his supporters unconstitutional. And supported the Iraqi List and the Kurdistan Alliance and the Liberal bloc led by Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr law. The bill was approved at the time of the Parliament as opposed to the bills that the government should propose to the Parliament in order to be approved, which is contrary to the Constitution.
In turn, the MP Ali Falh coalition of state law, that «the Federal Court rejected the proposed law because they have already announced that the proposed laws must be issued by the government or the Presidency of the Republic», and continued: «Since this proposal issued by the Parliament, it is unconstitutional». He added: «They tried to attempt unconstitutional and they have to accept the votes of the Iraqi people for a renewal of the mandate or reject.
The political scene in continuous conflict for several months, during which demanded some political parties for the resignation of the Maliki government. Maliki's opponents accuse, including parties within the ruling Shi'ite Alliance, as Prime Minister «pursuing dictatorial behavior, while accusing the Kurds 'autocracy', and accuse him of the Year by 'marginalization'. And political conflicts are reflected on the security situation, which saw in recent months Anfelata the grave, as reflected on the fact the service from which complain of large segments of the Iraqi people.
State of Iraq and the Levant: Theories beyond the yard ... Baghdad to Chalabi!
BAGHDAD - bright Abbas - Built Iraqi politician Ahmad Chalabi finally demand the formation of a 'confederation' new includes Iraq, Syria, and considered that such state is the best solution to the crises of the region as a whole. Were not the arguments of Shalabi new surprise, however, is not at the level of backgrounds and experiences «Arab national project» that has prevailed since the fifties of the last century, but because Chalabi himself has already adopted various ideas, including the draft Shiite coalition - the U.S., and then Shiite house, and finally the idea «the heart of the world, which I suppose it consists of Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey.
But the arguments Shalabi coincide with the announcement of the leader of the base »Iraq, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi what he called« the Islamic state in Iraq and the Levant »though they differ in assuming the form of proposed state management style and objectives between the two men.
Vclbe suggested that the new state would be suitable for the demographic change in the definition of Sunni and Shiite components in the region, they Tasal the demographic balance but poses the problem of governance and the right of any party.
It can be assumed that Chalabi thinks the future of the presence of Shia in Syria and Lebanon after the demise of the Assad regime, and recognizes implicitly that Syria tomorrow will not be Syria today or yesterday, and probably will not be Syria even, and this threat Iraq faces himself, who missed in a spiral of conflict communities the way to his identity.
The Baghdadi, it thinks in contrast to the future of Iraq's Sunnis and their presence in terms of thinking about the existence of al-Qaeda and its future ambitions, and its ability to complete the project by launching a war on Shiites in Iraq and the region as a justification for the establishment of their state.
We can say that Chalabi, who is one of the more minds Iraqi political capable of reading events from different angles and unexpected, although it did not achieve the benefits of political and popular of his readings of various previous attempts to reformulate the concept of majority and minority based on facts quite different from those proposed by the 2004, when the project was launched Shiite house that a political shift to the Iraqi National Coalition and the Iraqi National Alliance and the main content is to translate the numerical majority of the Shiites in Iraq to the political reality.
It must be assumed that the experience of 10 years of change in Iraq, and the tremendous advances that have occurred in the region since more than two years, proved that internal solutions to the crises of governance and the definition of «sect ruling» will not be in isolation from the processes of regional as a whole, and that the complexity of events and overlapping imposes thinking mechanisms different from those that rely national borders to prove governance standard document to the concept of 'religious majority.
It is curious that tends Shalabi on the assumption that expand the circle of sectarian conflict can bring «balance of terror» between the sects Vivred solutions, then that theory though debatable on paper, but it is virtually impossible, not to mention being can open conflict to Saddam out of bounds minimum of «doctrinal rules of engagement».
That last sentence, it may be worthwhile, Vzeim al-Qaeda Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Iraqi classified as the most dangerous leaders that took over the presidency of this organization, and may be more dangerous than the international organization's leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, through the adoption approach smash 'rules of engagement' in full.
Iraqi state-Baghdadi - Syrian, is, in fact, the State of a war of extermination against the Shiites in the two countries, and against the violators of the Year 'base' they are in relation to the literature of the organization «clients» and «awakening» and «مارقون».
A list of enemies of the Iraqi al-Baghdadi does not differ much from the list of enemies of the Syrians, but this فالفرصة suitable to integrate the trenches, and the resolution of the battle outside the rules.
Baghdadi, who theoretically open the border between Iraq and Syria, is trying to open in practice as well, depending on the geographical unit that can constitute the core of its default state, which will be the beating heart.
Not seen the al Qaeda leader to Iraq or Syria as states, they are two states in the war phase, productions of new mandates beyond the borders of the two countries together.
Geography Alskalnah of which constitute a source of strength to the ideas of al-Baghdadi, do not serve much the idea of Shalabi. The former deals with the geography of the angle of extension Sunni between both sides of the border, and looks at the Sunni bloc to be formed theory of integration as a tremendous human, do not check the balance with Shiite power in the «parties» the new state, but referred to the term «pockets» that are processed through declared war of extermination.
Shalabi think from a different angle, population فالجغرافيا serve Iraq's Shiites, they are in a more realistic translation of his theory resolved Shiite identity of the country, in return for acceptance of Syria's Sunni identity. But the 'Year' and 'Shia' in my theory Baghdadi and al-Shalabi seem Kmustlhan the أصمين, outside the logic of the internal interaction, and are not necessarily governed by the conflict.
الحراكات core in the direction of the peoples and their options are not read in accordance with this abstraction of the concepts and terminology, and isolation from the challenges of conflicts and interactions Sunni - Sunni on the one hand, and Shiite - Shiite other hand, and also not in isolation from those layers resistance rating, which is trying to weakness find a space in the future .
There can also talk outside the vision of regional conflict, Iran believes that Syria, which represents an extension of the Shiites are swallowed countries of the Sunni such as Turkey and the system GCC, Turkey and the Gulf states believe in contrast to Iraq, which is seen as a fortress for the year are swallowed by Shiite Iran.
The solution proposed by Chalabi differs from this angle for a solution Baghdadi, latter tries to invest this conflict is not to support the system of regional versus the other, he is seen as the whole region and its countries and their systems as «Dar war» but finds that the intersection historic about «ingestion» and «resistance Ingestion is a historic moment is not easy to be replicated out by this time represented by «state-Qaeda, which may increase your chances of choking greater in relations Sunni - Shiite both inside Iraq and Syria, or at the level of the entire region.
It is a critical moment Baghdadi belief to change the map, as it is suitable for rooting hostility and moved from the pages of history to the trenches of the confrontation, at least when it reached the region that year «state-Qaeda is less harmful than« a Shiite state.
But Chalabi stems from the vision of a completely different, State of Shiites for him is not a framework ideologically, he knows for example, that Iran is seeking naturally to this state as an area vital to its influence, and realizes that Iran does not think in terms of being a «Shiite state», but «state historic» and as an economist thinks that oil as equivalent objective of the state is still concentrated in geography Shiite, and that Iraqi territory in the new state would be the most powerful and influential of the county Sunni, allowing re-read the balance of power in the region based on the variable imposed by the new state, a variable is integrated with the theory of «heart the world is promoted by about two years ago.
Unfortunately, all of those propositions that runs from «اللادولة», and more unfortunate that it deepens convictions crystallized today that the product of wars mobile in Iraq and Syria, will end a two-state off the map, and perhaps in the best case will produce a map of highly diverse and weaknesses and corrosion of states, regions and kingdoms.
But think about saving two of these terrible fates, it is imperative that lies inside them. In the remainder of the privacy of the two peoples, and their ability to produce equations coexistence, do not have to open the border or the invention of new frontiers, distribution complex on Population and conflicts of interest and Alaratkabat which is difficult to irreversible effects deep to the outside, made thinking courtyard and the development of theories beyond the yard, available, and easy, but not deal in the end, the historic peoples is still capable of forming different fates.
Iraq war overshadows Syria .. In Washington and London
London: Mina Al Oraibi - After 10 years, the Iraq war still casts a shadow not only on Iraq and the region, but also on the United States and the United Kingdom who led military coalition to topple the regime of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. While facing Washington, London and its ally, the difficult decision about its response to the use of chemical weapons in Syria, certainly, suffer from the decision of previous administrations of distorting the facts about chemical weapons in Iraq a decade ago. And the link between Iraq and Syria, mentioned in many of the debates in Washington and London today, especially in terms of the consequences of any military strike and lack of confidence by the people of both countries and the countries of basic building towards political intervention to prevent the use of chemical weapons.
He warned a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Alexander Ukashević yesterday that the recent developments in Syria and accused the West to the regime of President Bashar al-Assad using chemical weapons «causes us to remember the events of 10 years ago, when false information about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq have been used as a pretext by the United States to defraud the United United take a step everyone knows results », in reference to the 2003 war. He added: «We stand firmly against repeating the mistakes of the past and not to allow actions are contrary to international rights».
Said Steven Cook, a researcher at the Institute «Council on Foreign Relations» American force, said that «Iraq war imposes itself on the decision-making toward Syria, President Barack Obama won the presidential election, the U.S. (in 2008) based on his promise to« end the war »in Iraq , after it was among the few senators who voted against going to war in 2003, and did not intend to allow his country to enter into a new conflict in the Middle East. It is noteworthy that Obama became president, who won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2009 and is keen to show himself committed to peaceful options. He pointed Cook that U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry «wants a more assertive, and before that was Secretary of State Hillary Clinton would prefer to move the firm as well, but Obama is not ready for it, do not forget that the American people reject interference by a majority of up to 70% in some polls». According to an opinion poll published by the agency Reuters on Saturday that 60% of Americans refuse to intervene in Syria, while only 9% supported military intervention.
He said Cook in an interview with Asharq Al-Awsat that the military leadership does not want to get involved in Syria, although it is able to take military action but want to select a specific target, and changing the system will not be the goal, especially after what happened in Iraq.
In Britain, come talk about the possibility of military action during the summer vacation to the British Parliament. He appealed to members of the British Parliament, including Rep. Sarah Sixty of the Conservative Party, the need to cut the holiday and the start of serious discussion about the possibility of the British government's approval for military action in Syria. It is noteworthy that former British Prime Minister Tony Blair won Parliament's approval in 2003 to fight the war in Iraq, but 149 out of 562 voted against the war. Opposition Liberal Democratic Party, then strongly opposed the war and today NATO ally of the Conservative Party in the British coalition government which increases the complexity of the British government to take the decision of war.
It is noteworthy that 70% of Britons do not want to intervene in Syria, according to an opinion poll published by «MSN» two days ago. He began the Stop the War coalition, which move marches involving millions of Britons on the eve of the war in Iraq, a media campaign against the move in Syria.
A researcher at the Institute «Russian» (Royal Institute for Defence and Security Studies), Michael Stevens: «Of course the war in Iraq affect what happens», adding that «Middle East» that although the false information about chemical weapons in Iraq different from what he sees the world today. He explained: «There is a reality real use of chemical weapons now and the evidence is clear, but we live in the reality of post-war Iraq, and there is lack of confidence not only with other countries (such as Russia), but for peoples with their governments».
Stevens considered that «not to move 18 months ago in Syria made in this situation and make the world the possibility extremist groups تستقوي the in Syria .. But Now Pat intervention carries a lot of problems, including the strengthening of extremists among the ranks of the opposition. He predicted Stevens that if there was a military intervention «Fascon cripple the capacity of the Syrian regime's air, including shelling of airport runways and weapons stores», adding: «Certainly there will be no troops on the ground, Valhaban American and British do not want to see the soldiers of their country are dying again in the war in the Middle East », in particular, and they consider that they are not welcome.
The opinion pages began in the major American and British newspapers articles crowded opinion between supporters and opponents of the move in Syria. And carrying newspaper 'The Independent' left-wing British, which strongly opposed the Iraq war, the most prominent articles opposition to military intervention in Syria. Jones wrote en «nightmare Syria shows it can not get worse, but in fact with a Western intervention, is likely to worsen the situation.
But at the same time, he explained Cook that «there is a strong opinion in some quarters the U.S. that he could not determine the conditions and considering an action (ie, use of a weapon chemical) red line and then do not move if it happened», adding: «would damage the reputation of the United States great and will give new strength to its opponents such as Iran. Stevens considered that «the world is entering a new phase of risk using chemical weapons and it is difficult to ignore such an event on the international level.
Integrity: lawsuits against the heads of parliamentary blocs and officials
Baghdad, Tariq al-Araji - Integrity Commission revealed her stay lawsuits against some of the heads of political blocs and nearly 200 members in the House of Representatives as well as a number of officials, and of inflation in the money and non-disclosure about financial ذممهم. This comes at a time suggested that the body not covered by counterfeiters for certificates of senior officials and scores on the Law of General Amnesty and accused the issues of corruption and the staff of regulatory bodies. Chairman of the Integrity Commission Judge Alaa Jawad Hamid said in an interview with the (morning) will be published later: "It was commissioned Division of the Legal Department in coordination with the Department of the Oversight Committees of the body to detect the financial interests of the three presidencies and parliamentarians, "pointing to" the establishment of lawsuits against them because of inflation in the money for some people and not to provide disclosure of financial interests for others. " He added, Hamid said, "These suits would last longer some heads of political blocs who were struggling discoveries about ذممهم financial as well as bring litigation on nearly 200 member of the House of Representatives and some officials." And on the general amnesty law, Prime Integrity Commission should not include amnesty law asked in parliament accused the issues of corruption and the staff of regulatory bodies, even if it violates simple because it is supposed to be more careful in the performance of his duties. said Hamid that the Commission noted the need for the separation of work in the years of difficult and deliberately to provide a certificate minimum forged for the purpose of recruitment and bringing them amnesty and those who forges a graduate degree and was appointed substantially or private.
Sheikh Abbas Muhammadawi: the intercalation name reference in political disputes is part of the American Zionist plan
27-08-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Secretary-General called for the coalition of the Sons of Iraq fervent Sheikh Iraqi Abbas Muhammadawi politicians, not to involve the name of religious authority in their political differences, stressing the need to separate religion from politics.
He said in a statement today: that America and Israel أرادتا ignite the fire of sectarian strife between Muslims and the political scene is full of بالتنافر and the differences that we see today is the best proof that the scheme (Zionist dollars) has already succeeded in rhythm between the authorities and the politicians and the people فاختلط الحابل بالنابل.
He added:'s attempt to tarnish the image of the religious leaders is part of this scheme serious gripping Iraq and the region, it is unfortunate that some politicians facilitated the passing of this scheme consciously or unconsciously through intercalation name of the religious authority in Sjalathm political, while politics and religion to Ajribtan not never meet, but when a prophet or infallible.
Muhammadawi stressed the need not to involve the name of the religious authority in political conflicts, demanding the Iraqi List MP Haider Mulla apology from the reference and the Iraqi people what Badr him inside parliament.
Political agreement to sign a document national honor
27-08-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Agreed political blocs on Monday on a roadmap to solve the problems and obstacles that accompany the political process and start a new phase of joint action, will be signed during the conference and a comprehensive national will be held soon under the charter of honor affirms the sanctity of Iraqi blood and maintain a national identity and renunciation of terrorism, extremism and segregation national, religious and sectarian.
Revealed that Vice President Khodair al which indicated an end to the political blocs, on Monday, meeting in his office, in agreement on a document national honor, and the initiative of social peace in Iraq, adopted by the Presidency of the Republic, pointing out that the Office Alkhozai will set a date soon for a conference is the to sign a document of honor by the leaders of the political blocs.
And include document of honor raised by الخراعي several items on her head sanctity of Iraqi blood and preserve the national identity and the rejection of terrorism and extremism, and the protection of the national fabric and do not let the agendas of State implementation plans in the country, and the adoption of the principle of dialogue way alone to address the problems and the contract that Taatari march of the political process in the country, as include the provision of services to citizens and social reforms and political task to maintain the gains of the political process.
And discussed by representatives of the political blocs in the country during a series of meetings fruitful and constructive, all the points and paragraphs contained in the initiative in a positive spirit and great understanding and responsible for many of the important issues, according to Alkhozai, who said in a press statement after the meeting, that "it is expected to put the document in a national meeting recently, is it signed by the political leaders in the country, in order to be a road map to resolve the problems and obstacles that accompany the political process and start a new phase of joint work to serve Iraq and Iraqis. "
This was followed by Alkhozai official statement received "morning," a copy of it, in which he said: "It through meetings calm and purposeful and responsible, it was agreed on the principles of initiative, social peace adopted by the National Alliance, as well as a close national honor, which adopted the principle of positive dialogue construction capable of solving problems and contract hinder the political process and the worsening security situation in the country. "
For his part, noted the head of the Liberal parliamentary representative of the Sadrist movement Bahaa al-Araji, that a national conference great will be held in the coming days attended by the leaders of the first row of the signing and ratification of the peace initiative, the National espoused by the coalition, as well as the signing of the Charter of Honour to achieve the kind of political stability and security in this country which has suffered a lot.
Araji noted that Alkhozai will visit the Kurdistan region, on the head of a delegation to view the social peace initiative and the code of honor on the Kurdish leadership to agree to them in preparation for the National Conference is expected to sign it.
Is World at a Turning Point Over Chemical Weapons in Syria?
By Hiwa Osman
The use of chemical weapons in Syria takes the conflict clearly to another level: Analysts believe that it could either lead to the unlikely course of an international intervention to end the Damascus regime, or the start of real talks between local and international parties in the conflict, coupled with an international initiative to disarm Syria of these weapons.
Whatever the outcome, the events will have a direct effect on Iraq. To Iraqis, it comes as no surprise that either one of the two sides in the conflict has been using chemical weapons.
The regime is not that different from that of ousted Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, who in 1988 used poison gas against the country’s own rebellious Kurds.
If it turns out that the radical elements inside the opposition – such as al-Qaeda’s al-Nusrah Front or Islamic State of Iraq are behind the use of chemical weapons, that too would come as little surprise to the Iraqi people. That is because Iraqis witness the killings that affiliates of these groups carry out daily in Iraq, with the clear intention of using any means to kill.
The Iraqi government and autonomous Kurdistan Region must have an agreement over Syria. They need a unified -- or at least a coordinated -- stance on how subsequent developments should be handled.
It is clear that the international community will not get involved in toppling the regime of President Bashar Assad, nor in helping the opposition. The world will eventually look for a settlement of the conflict that takes into account the new realities of the war. This is simply because they are not in agreement over the warring parties.
Perhaps the chemical weapons development offers the international community the only issue to unite over. It could possibly start a disarmament process in Syria.
Iraq and Kurdistan should work with this new reality and be part of any future plan for Syria, helping toward a settlement between the warring parties. They must also accept some of the realities that they may not like.
The Iraqi Supreme Court Strikes Down Law Limiting Prime Minister Terms
Posted by Reidar Visser
The Iraqi federal supreme court has this week made a decision that renders invalid a law passed by the Iraqi parliament earlier this year that attempted to block a third term for Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
First, two notes on the general debate about this latest decision are in order. Firstly, the supreme court has not “vetoed” the law, or “rejected a draft” as AP put it. No one vetoes laws in Iraq after the transitional presidency council disappeared in 2010. The law was already published, and, theoretically, in force. In striking it down, the court deemed it unconstitutional after a specific challenge had been mounted against it by supporters of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
Second, it should be noticed that the Iraqi supreme court has become rather erratic in its official communications lately. In a trend that has afflicted several Iraqi government websites (including most recently that of the parliament), what was formerly a useful website has become the victim of a fancy upgrade that severely restricts its readability (and the access to past rulings). Accordingly, information about this latest ruling must at the current stage be glanced from secondary reports in the media.
The chief question regarding the court’s decision is what argument was used for striking the term-limit law down. Most reports cite an argument used by Maliki’s supporters that no such term limit exists in the constitution as far as the prime minister is concerned, whereas a specific limit occurs with respect to the presidency of the republic. Had the framers of the constitution wished for a limit, the argument goes, one would have been explicitly included.
The second argument that has been cited as a possible justification for the court in striking down the law, is the distinction the court has made in past between law “projects” (that have passed through the cabinet before being considered by parliament) and “proposals” (draft laws passed without any cabinet interference). The court has previously argued that the Iraqi constitution maintains a sharp distinction between these two, and that “proposals” need to be transformed into “projects” through cooperation with the cabinet before they can be considered a fully-fledged law, i.e. in practical terms severely limiting the right of the Iraqi parliament to act independently of the cabinet. Sadrist Bahaa al Aaraji, not always the most trustworthy of sources, claim this argument was reiterated by the court in its most recent ruling on the term-limit law. That would certainly be significant since there has been an increase of attempts by parliament to circumvent the cabinet through “law proposals” in recent years.
Whatever the exact wording, the ruling is clearly a pro-Maliki one, and thus confirms the continued influence of Maliki allies on the court including supreme court chief Midhat al-Mahmud (whom Maliki adversaries had earlier tried to get rid of). One of the next thorny issue for the court and Iraqi politicians to consider will likely be the elections law, where the pro-Maliki court in 2010 made a ruling that deemed unconstitutional the largest-remainder seat distribution mechanism that was in force in the last parliamentary elections. The law was changed to a more proportional formula, but after their relative decline in the local elections earlier this year, Maliki supporters have now found out they disagree with the supreme court on the issue!
The changes to the election law could be an interesting quandary for the court and Maliki. In the past, court has shown a remarkable ability to contradict its own previous rulings. Maybe they actually don’t mind the latest changes to their website where the rulings of the past are becoming more and more difficult to retrieve.
Karbala / Mesalla: lied to a source close to the religious authority, Ali al-Sistani, Tuesday, rumors of the death of reference, stressing that he received during the day only on Monday and since the early hours of the morning and until the closure of the office in the evening more than 800 visitors Arabic and foreign.
He said the source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, told the "obelisk" said Ali al-Sistani is in good health and is continuing to receive Arab and foreign delegations as well as Iraqis from different Iraqi provinces every day. " He denied "rumors of his death clinically as a result of entering into a coma Astmrh for a week as published in social networking sites and taking people بتداوله in the Iraqi street," explaining that "Mr. al-Sistani received only yesterday, more than 800 foreign visitors Arabic."