The Dinar Daily, Wednesday, 10 July 2013
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  1. #1

    The Dinar Daily, Wednesday, 10 July 2013

    Extensive preparations to revive the ritual of Ramadan

    10-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Baghdad virgin F Worley confident
    Overlooking us holy month of a new, and Ramadan when Iraqis rituals and traditions of private celebrated even when the rest of the other religions that are involved Muslim rituals different, and different Iraqi families in their habits to receive the holy month of Ramadan, and vary in preparation for meals and drinks, some of spends days before Ramadan Ptsouk food processing different types of cuisine, others preparing for worship and practice of various religious rituals for the month of mercy, فتكثر donations and alms and open houses of God throughout the day and night and held meals sahoor and breakfast for the poor and ordinary people and the general public of others.

    Says Salwa Abdul-Jabbar (government employee): witness the markets when the holy month of Ramadan, a rise in prices, but this year was the increase in food prices slightly, perhaps due to the Ministry of Commerce to distribute some of the ration for the month of Ramadan, Colors, lentils, white flour, as well as the warm air that prevent families from food storage for a long time, and indicated Abdul-Jabbar to the scarcity of some of the materials used in the manufacture of dishes Ramadan, which is important and needs fasting (such as dried apricots) and lemon powder, which are used in the manufacture of juices, is likely to be the reason is Iqbal shop owners refreshments and juices to buy them in large quantities for the purpose of manufacture and sale of the citizens.

    Uday Alaa (earner) explained that the month of Ramadan requires a special budget, because most meals, must contain dishes hearty and varied, and we have to contain the tables on sweets and juice on a daily basis, as evidenced by days of the month some calls and banquets for relatives, friends and neighbors, which makes month different from the rest of the months of economic sense.

    Says Abdel Azim (the owner of a shop selling food): The advent of the month of Ramadan requires the owners of big markets (supermarkets) to provide most of the nutrients task that needs fast, Kalanwaa various juices and drinks Ramadan, spices and types of pulses that are used in making soups and savory rice, canned meat, pasta, sweets and dried fruits, because most families prefer to be the breakfast table, diversified and integrated, and strive for processing in the shop before Ramadan, at least ten days.

    Ramadan Banquet

    Mary Sabih (employee) showed that for the month of Ramadan a special flavor, when preparing for breakfast put into our calculations wills and invitations breakfast for friends or neighbors Awalagheraba, it is habits Iraqi families that Ttzaur for breakfast, and the fact that the majority of the slice staff فتقتصر these habits on holidays as a day Friday and Saturday , and every time you make her call for different varieties of soups, fried and grilled foods, as well as juices and desserts.

    Old traditions

    Need Suhaila Mohamed (housewife) showed that the habits and social rituals have changed a lot as it was in the past, as she was Iraqi families rarely sit down at the breakfast table alone there must be a family, relatives and friends, as they meet on a regular basis in almost one houses a day , and must be the neighbors share of the breakfast, before breakfast a few minutes you see (trays) graduated from each house carrying dishes of different mini with all its breakfast table exchanged between neighbors among themselves, and held hearings Samar when someone offers which sweets, fruits and various beverages, said Mohammed, said such These things have become rare and few after it was common manifestations of social lasted until the ends of the seventies of the last century, pointing to the impact of the security situation and the events experienced by Iraq on the social traditions of the Iraqi society.

    Suffering fasters

    Samir Qasim factor (Joiner): talked about the low level of services, especially electricity and water that cause the suffering of fasting in an atmosphere of high alert reaches temperatures to 50 degrees Celsius, and the traffic jams in times of noon during the month of Ramadan increase of trouble fast, it must heed Government to improve the situation of services, especially electricity, indicating that the loss of these services may contribute to make this holy month of difficult months in the life of the Iraqi citizen.

    Healthy food

    Dr. Saad student specialist Nutrition Research said: Ramadan a valuable opportunity to organize human habits daily food, if a person is suffering from obesity, it is possible to him that follows the health system a certain position to reduce weight in relation to the person's physical, Fasting helps to increase the body's immunity from disease and reduce cholesterol and strengthens the heart, there are a number of tips on fasting committed to long will depend own food on-board breakfast and Shorallten magnets are essential in addition to a snack, especially as the fasting hours long and the air is hot, pointing to the need to contain sahoor on food that is digested slow Colors or grain and eating a piece of bread and the quantity of the meal moderate and preferably stay away from citrus fruits and sugars as well as coffee and tea in large quantities because these materials Madrrh and increase the process of losing the largest amount of fluids, alluding to the lack of extravagant drinking water because the large number of drinking water enhances the individual's nervous system, as it makes the urinary tract presents excess water for its needs, as well as the rest of the fluid, and not to sleep fast after sahoor directly, but needs to be half an hour to finish the process of digestion of food and then the individual to fall asleep after completion of dawn prayers.

    Among Dr. Taleb on fasting to be balanced in his handling of the food, and the best proof of this is mentioned by the Qur'an, saying the Almighty (and eat and drink waste not by excess that he does not love the extravagant) and we have to have food containing the carbohydrates, proteins and stay away from fat, and be fluid in addition to the water , (drink natural fruit) preferable to sweetened soft drinks, pointing to the need to begin fasting his breakfast eating some beads of dates and quantity of milk, because these articles Thvzan digestive system to work after a hiatus for a period (17 hours) and facilitates the digestion process then go fast to pray and then works on eating soup and then stimulate the stomach to function fully by stimulating bile of the stomach, and the fasting that deals with grilled meats and away from fried and preferably eat white meat for red meat because digested Eiseraly digestive and cholesterol the lower and the type of fat found which is called (fatty acids is saturated), preferably frying oil because of hydrogenated fats plant, adding to the fast eat fruit instead of sweets because they contain a high proportion of fiber and it is better addressed in the breakfast and Suhoor because it prolongs the process of digestion and makes him feel hungry as well as her other benefits reduce from injury various types of cancers, calling fasting at breakfast to eat slowly because the handling rapid person feels hungry than Acespb pressure on the stomach. called Dr. Taleb that away fast as possible from hot and cold beverages because they interfere with the immune factors and sliding tissue lining, adding that works fast after eating breakfast Walking for half an hour because it facilitates the process of digestion, either people who want to increase the weight of the possible snack between half-board breakfast and sahoor.

    Ramadan rituals

    Social researcher Dr. Ali Anbure president of Iraq, 2020, confirmed the weakness of social relationships and communication between Iraqi families as it was in the past, during the period of the sixties and the seventies and eighties of the last century, as she was Iraqi families celebrate the first day of Ramadan in particular and its rituals multiple which including the creation Banquet breakfast group which meets the relatives and friends in one of the houses and share the joy by Chehrramadan, as well as the exchange of dishes from the types of food prepared for breakfast and sweets among neighbors, indicating that these habits are no longer rampant as it was in the past. adding that the celebration of the arrival of Ramadan was being prepared him before for quite some time of the preparation of the food and supplies desserts various nuts and varieties of dates different, pickles, etc., and this Malangda at the present time, most of the families are dealing with this holy month as dealing with the rest of the months of the year normal for several reasons, inter alia economic conditions experienced by Iraq, which created a new kind of social relations in harmony with the effects of the communities in foreign countries, which turned with great regret to a part of the human and social behavior of Iraq, and thus created a new kind of social relations and Family different from what it was 30 years ago.

    Technology reason

    Among Anbure the mechanisms of social networking electronic play a big role in confining social relations, many Iraqi families found in social media Kalves Facebook, Twitter and mobile phones substitute for التزاور between relatives and friends or meeting at a particular place, as it contributed to these means in bringing the distance between people , believing that these mechanisms as electronic importance and usefulness have a negative impact on direct communication between people.

    Adding that the Iraqi family a long time ago انكفأت itself became their space Social exceed the camp where you live, for reasons related to the beginning of the war and economic sanctions, which formed the pressure Aajtmaia, no longer where families are able to do the duty of hospitality, الامرالذي reduced ways التزاور and the subsequent deterioration of security situation after 2003, the volume of the level of these relations larger, indicating that the majority of families at the present time only the performance of social obligations task exclusively and dispense with the other believes it is important or can be postponed, pointing out that the lack of التزاور between Iraqi families, especially in Ramadan also due to the psychological aspect who mastered بالعوائل and lack of services available, as feel بضغوطات the joint to avoid the embarrassment of others and hold them additional burdens.

    Electricity in Ramadan

    Spokesman for the Ministry of Electricity Musab teacher stressed that the ministry of new plants on the verge of completion, as well as three stations entered the service of the total 20 stations, indicating that each month witnessing entering a new plant in service production capacity ranging between 500 750 megawatts, and Asharalamders to exceed production the electrical system at the present time ten thousand and 100 megawatts, pointing to enter a new station this week to the system card 330 megawatts, as well as terminal and Wasit, thermal, and it is hoped that the intervention of the end of the week, 550 megawatt station goods and 200 megawatt station Musayyib thermal , and thus will increase the production capacity beginning of the month of Ramadan and have returns positively on citizens by increasing working hours, explained the teacher that the increase in hours of processing for electricity depends on the commitment of citizens to minimize the use of electrical appliances in excess of need, the less consumption increased hours

    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:42 AM.

  2. #2

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    This article is about religious observances during the month of Ramadan. For the actual calendar month, see Ramadan (calendar month).

    A crescent moon can be seen over palm trees at sunset in Manama, marking the beginning of the Islamic month of Ramadan in Bahrain

    Observed by


    1 Ramadan

    29, or 30 Ramadan

    Variable (follows the Islamic lunar calendar)

    2013 date
    10 July – 7 August

    Communal Iftars

    sawm (fasting)
    zakat and sadaqah (alms giving)
    tarawih prayer
    reading the Quran
    abstaining from all bad deeds and staying humble

    Related to
    Eid al-Fitr, Laylat al-Qadr

    Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان‎ Ramaḍān, IPA: [rɑmɑˈdˤɑːn];[variations] Persian: رمضان‎ Ramazān; Urdu: رمضان‎ Ramzān; Turkish: Ramazan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar;[1] Muslims worldwide observe this as a month of fasting.[2][3] This annual observance is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam.[4] The month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon, according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in hadiths.[5][6] The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramida or ar-ramad, which means scorching heat or dryness.[7] Fasting is fardh (obligatory) for adult Muslims, except those who are ill, travelling, pregnant, diabetic or going through menstrual bleeding.[8]

    While fasting from dawn until sunset, Muslims refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations; in some interpretations they also refrain from swearing. Food and drink is served daily, before sunrise and after sunset. [9][10] According to Islam, the thawab (rewards) of fasting are many, but in this month they are believed to be multiplied.[11] Fasting for Muslims during Ramadan typically includes the increased offering of salat (prayers) and recitation of the Quran.[12][13]
    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:43 AM.

  3. #3
    Basel III gets green light from banking regulators

    By Christina Mlynski
    • July 9, 2013 • 11:22am

    Regulators maintain differing opinions on how to craft a safety net for systemically risky financial institutions, but most of them agree a stronger capital system for the financial market must be in place.

    As a result, the majority of policymakers approved the final regulatory capital rules for the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision Tuesday, laying the foundation for future banking institution reform. The approvals occurred at an open meeting held by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. to finalize Basel III rules already approved by the Federal Reserve.

    While there have been bumps along the way — specifically inner agencies failing to agree upon a common consensus of the regulations — finalizing the elements of Basel III will help ensure banks can safely wind down and deal with unexpected losses during a severe economic crisis.

    The only dissenting member on the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation board was Vice Chairman Thomas Hoenig who believes the final rule falls short of specific criteria in developing core financial standards.

    Under the approved rule, banking institutions with more than $700 billion in consolidated total assets — or $10 trillion in assets under custody — would be required to maintain a Tier 1 capital leverage buffer of at least 2% above the minimum supplementary leverage ratio requirement of 3%, for a total of 5%.

    Additionally, the proposed rule will require insured depository institutions to meet a 6% supplementary leverage ratio to be considered ‘well capitalized’ for prompt corrective action purposes.

    The FDIC board also approved a capital interim final rule and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency approved a final capital rule identical in substance to the final rules issued by the Federal Reserve Board on July 2.

    "Today, as staff has explained, we are considering two important regulatory capital rulemakings. The first rulemaking is an interim final rule that adopts with revisions the three notices of proposed rulemakings or NPRs that the banking agencies proposed last year," said FDIC Chairman Martin Gruenberg.

    He added, "These are the Basel III NPR, the Basel III advanced approaches NPR, and the so-called Standardized Approach NPR."

    The interim final rule on Basel III will strengthen both the quality and quantity of risk-basked capital for all banks, including placing greater emphasis on Tier 1 common equity capital.

    While many of the elements contained in the new rules do not apply to community banks, members of the FDIC stated that it full understands the changes in the capital rules that do apply to such firms.

    "To that end the FDIC is planning an extensive outreach program to assist our community banks in understanding the interim final rule and the changes it makes to the existing capital requirements," Gruenberg stated.

    Market participants listened with a close ear about the details of the supplementary leverage ratio, which would apply to eight institutions.

    Insured banks covered by the three notices of proposed rulemaking will need to satisfy a 6% leverage ratio threshold to be considered well capitalized.

    This was in line with analysts for Compass Point, who expected regulators to increase the 3% minimum to 5% or 6%.

    "Early indications are that the rule will establish different minimums for the covered institution’s parent company as opposed to its FDIC-insured banking subsidiary," explained Issac Boltansky of Compass Point.

    He concluded, "Ultimately, we believe that today’s rulemaking will only provide a framework for the supplementary ratio which means that we will likely be left with a number of unanswered questions (e.g. the treatment of excess reserves and derivative collateral in the calculation)."
    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:43 AM. Reason:

  4. #4
    *** COURTESY OF KEPHA 2000 ***

    Bank Regulators Propose 6% Leverage Ratio
    Published July 09, 2013

    U.S. regulators on Tuesday are set to propose a plan that would force the country's largest banks to hold twice as much equity capital than required by the global Basel III bank capital standards.

    The eight largest banks would be subject to a leverage ratio of 6 percent, the three regulators said, representing a hard cap on how much a bank can borrow to fund its business.

    Moreover, the eight biggest bank holding companies would be subject to a 5 percent leverage ratio, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the U.S. Federal Reserve said.

    Forcing banks to draw more of their funding from equity capital and rely less on debt has been a key pillar of regulators' efforts to make banks sturdier after the 2007-2009 financial crisis.

    Many reform advocates favor a leverage ratio because it measures bank borrowing without allowing banks to weigh the riskiness of their assets with their own mathematical models, a system that critics say can easily be gamed.

    The global Basel III capital accord, which Europe, Asia and the United States are simultaneously introducing, requires a minimum 3% leverage ratio.

    "A three percent minimum supplementary leverage ratio would not have appreciably mitigated the growth in leverage ... in the years preceding the recent crisis," FDIC head Martin Gruenberg said in prepared remarks.

    The OCC also adopted a final rule to introduce the Basel III capital accord in the United States. The Fed did so last week, and the FDIC is expected to do so in a meeting later on Tuesday.

    The eight banks subject to the rules are JP Morgan Chase & Co (JPM), Citigroup Inc (C), Bank of America Corp (BAC), Wells Fargo & Co (WFC), Goldman Sachs Group Inc (GS), Morgan Stanley (MS), Bank of New York Mellon Corp (BK


    ) and State Street Corp (STT).


    Read more:
    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:44 AM.

  5. #5
    What are Egypt's Lessons for Iraq?

    By: Mustafa al-Kadhimi for Al-Monitor Iraq Pulse Posted on July 9.

    The June 30 events in Egypt deserve to be carefully and attentively interpreted at all levels, as far as Iraq is concerned.

    Summary :
    Having less to do with regional sectarian Sunni-Shiite disputes, Iraq’s political players should focus on the failure of political Islam in their analyses of the June 30 events in Egypt.
    Original Title:
    The Egyptian Moment of June 30…Iraqi Garbled Interpretations
    Author: Mustafa al-Kadhimi
    Translated by: Joelle El-Khoury

    Categories : Originals Iraq Egypt

    The rapid political change in Egypt did not take place against the old political leaderships, which had spread like cancer in the Arab countries for decades and required the eruption of the Arab Spring uprisings to be undone. This time, the Egyptian popular movement was against political Islam movements, which were the biggest winners in the Arab revolutions.

    Contrary to the tendencies that attempt to describe Egypt’s June 30 events as a “military coup,” in reality it was a popular movement par excellence, before the army intervened in determining its options.

    In this regard, it is right to say that isolating the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated former President Mohammed Morsi would not have happened by popular will alone without the army’s intervention. The same is true for former President Hosni Mubarak.

    Based on that, the controversy over the terms “revolution” and “coup” should not prevail over the attempt to interpret the real side of the conflict in Egypt and the region. It precisely falls under the description of the political Islam movements’ experience in governing the peoples of the region, and the significant mistakes that have been committed, especially when monopolizing power, and considering the political right as being divine.

    The popular resentment against religious parties in the region cannot be understood separately from the Iraqi experience. Iraq is a vivid example of the experience of both Shiite and Sunni political Islam.

    The Iraqi experience’s different developments have shown how the work of these parties evolved, starting from laying the foundations of a deep popular authority that uses mutual sectarian divisions and fears to firmly establish its existence. Then, they engaged in a political struggle over power and governance, before adapting themselves to the popular mood by raising slogans that have nothing to do with “political Islam.”

    In fact, the different Iraqi political Islam parties changed the pattern of their work with time and based on the experiences that were not successful in many cases. They replaced the ambition for an “Islamist rule” by demanding a “civil rule.” This change was obviously reflected in altering their parties’ names, programs, rhetoric and alliances.

    This change was not smooth. This does not also mean that the traditional religious parties could give up their religious goals. Yet, it also showed a clear pragmatism in adapting to variables, even though these variables were often ostensible and shallow.

    As the Arab Spring emerged, Iraq was going through a fierce crisis, the main characters of which are generally the representatives of the Iraqi political Islam parties that have been leading the Iraqi political scene for 10 years.

    As far as Iraq is concerned, these revolutions were interpreted differently. Yet, the interpretation remained incomplete, biased and influenced by a sectarian background. Moreover, some of them dealt with the Arab Spring variables as being completely separate from Iraq, isolated from its social and political dynamics.

    The fact is, the Iraqi experience actively influenced the variables of the Arab Spring, by which it was strongly affected. Even the Iraqi political struggle — which has been exacerbated in an unprecedented way since 2011 — was not unrelated to the impact of movements around the region. The Iraqi reality has become more dangerous with the outbreak of the Syrian crisis and the expansion of sectarian polarization in the region.

    It is strange that the Iraqi parties affiliated with political Islam did not interpret the June 30 events based on the conflict between civil and religious forces in Arab societies. Some of them have even said that the Egyptian change resulted from the Sunni-Shiite conflict. Moreover, they expressed emotional support for change. This interpretation is superficial, not to mention misleading.

    For Iraq, the Egyptian movement must be interpreted in its true meaning. Such an interpretation requires Iraqi religious parties to have concerns for their future. It also requires them to reconsider the series of mistakes that produced Iraqi popular anger, which was partially expressed in the ballot box. It is still unknown whether these ballot boxes can contain popular anger given shrinking turnout.

    The Iraqi parties were not concerned, which is a real problem. Relaxing in the face of the distribution of roles produced by the political conflict in Iraq, and feeling the strength of the popular base that believes in these parties, reflects a stagnant understanding of future contexts in Iraq and the region.

    The Iraqi popular base was never stable. It is often dynamic and influenced by conflict and fears. Moreover, its reactions are actively affected by the variables of everyday life more partisan ideology.

    Defining and recalculating the main issues of Iraqi popular anger is the safest way to protect the Iraqi experience and Iraqi political Islam parties from dangerous pitfalls. Reconsidering the situation is mainly necessary to calm the current political conflict and to achieve a consensus that leads to acceptable levels of security and services.

    In contrast, the interpretation of the Iraqi civil and leftist movements that showed enthusiasm for the Egyptian June 30 events, and considered them the beginning of the political Islam project’s collapse in the region, was for its turn limited and incomplete. They should understand the reality on the ground and history, which does not indicate that these parties can be out of the political game in the region in the long run.

    It is an opportunity for Iraqis and Arabs to understand the future as a place of coexistence, not of exclusion, which accommodates religious, liberal and secular parties. This is the only loophole that can be implemented, and without it, it will be hard to assume that there will be a future in the first place.

    Mustafa al-Kadhimi is an Iraqi writer specializing in defense of democracy. He has extensive experience in documenting testimony and archiving documentaries associated with repressive practices.
    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:45 AM.

  6. #6
    "Gentlemen! I too have been a close observer of the doings of the Bank of the United States. I have had men watching you for a long time, and am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. When you won, you divided the profits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to the bank. You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul its charter I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true, gentlemen, but that is your sin! Should I let you go on, you will ruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin! You are a den of vipers and thieves. I have determined to rout you out, and by the Eternal, (bringing his fist down on the table) I will rout you out!" - President Andrew Jackson
    Last edited by RED LILY; 07-10-2013 at 08:46 AM. Reason: AMEN ♥

  7. #7

    Final report on Iraq reconstruction says fraud, waste cost U.S. $1.5 billion


    July 9
    McClatchy Washington Bureau

    WASHINGTON — The $40 million shell of an unfinished prison in Iraq’s Diyala province; $2 million in laundered cash pocketed by government officials and contractors in Hilla; an $80 invoice on a $1.41 piece of PVC piping from a defense subcontractor near Baghdad. (JUST A FEW EXAMPLES)

    Those are just three examples of fraudulent and wasteful spending that plagued U.S. reconstruction efforts in Iraq, according to the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, which on Tuesday issued its final report on the U.S. government’s $60 billion reconstruction program for that country.

    The report identified at least $1.5 billion in wasted or questionable spending during the period from 2004 to 2013. It urged Congress to create a new agency, the Office for Contingency Operations, which would oversee and coordinate such reconstruction in the future, prospectively avoiding some of the worst excesses.

    “If it had existed at the outset of the Iraq program, the United States might have avoided wasting billions of taxpayer dollars,” said the report, titled “Learning from Iraq.”

    Such an office would be critical to better spending and contracting practices if, for example, the United States were to get involved in reconstruction in Syria, where the country’s civil war has devastated entire cities.

    “Experience has shown that we need a corps of dedicated civilian professionals in order to conduct these stabilization operations well,” said John Herbst, the director of the Center for Complex Operations at the National Defense University in Washington, who testified before the House Foreign Affairs Committee. “We have created the world’s greatest military, but without a civilian counterpart, this military will not conduct stabilization operations effectively.”

    Inspector General Stuart Bowen also used the example of potential reconstruction in Syria to explain how such an agency would prove more effective than addressing each effort as it arises.

    “It’s impossible to project the cost, but we do know the devastation in Syria is massive. And thus the stabilization and rebuilding of the country will take time,” Bowen said. Were the Office of Contingency Operations in existence, he added, it already would be “identifying the contractors, the personnel, the IT system, the oversight, how money would be managed, the controls . . . to ensure that we avert fraud, waste and abuse of the kind that we saw in Iraq.”

    With an administrator appointed by the president, such an office also would bring accountability to a process that in Iraq was handled largely by military officers or government civilians who rotated in and out of their posts before any of the projects were completed.

    He cited the example of the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s mishandling of Hurricane Katrina to make his point.

    “There was no one in charge for Iraq specifically,” he said. “Mike Brown was there to fire when FEMA failed.”

    The office would require roughly $25 million a year in funding, a small price, Herbst said, compared to the estimated $200 million a year it would have saved in Iraq spending.

    The 172-page final report outlines nine years of questionable spending and misguided practices in the Iraq reconstruction effort. It blamed lack of planning and coordination and shaky oversight for widespread fraud and waste.

    The report listed a plethora of failings: Many projects weren’t designed correctly, money designated for a specific use often was redirected to another project, Defense and State department efforts weren’t coordinated and no one was in charge overall. Contracts that shouldn’t have been approved slipped through the cracks, and under-the-table deals were struck.

    U.S. reconstruction efforts, Herbst said, lacked legitimacy and the support of the Iraqi people. The failure of U.S. troops to establish security before reconstruction efforts began led many projects to fail.

    “You must have sufficient security before engaging in reconstruction activity,” said Herbst. “That cost us billions of dollars and too many lives.”

    Read more here:

  8. #8
    Abbasi politicians are advised not to tamper with the destiny of the Federal Court Act and leave it for the next stage

    Wednesday, July 10 / July 2013 10:14 |

    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} advised the MP for the coalition of state law were part of the National Alliance, Ahmed Abbasi political blocs not to tamper with the destiny of the Federal Court Act and leave it for the next stage.

    Abbasi told the Euphrates News Agency {} on Wednesday that the "law of the Federal Court of technically did not pass as advise politicians to leave the subject of Federal Court Today it holds full independence, in addition to the menu items and Maeetmton of integrity and experience extends to more than {50} years. "

    He added, "If this law was amended, filtration method will be the court by politicians and turn this court into a political dependency more than what impartial."

    And met political views on the differences between the parliamentary blocs in the parliament prevented the adoption of several laws and impacted negatively on the performance of the parliament, including the law {oil and gas and the Federal Court and public pension} and other laws.

    The Kurdistan Alliance, had confirmed that the differences have prevented taking the role of Parliament enactment of laws that lays the foundation for building a state of institutions and the law serves the people.

    He said the Kurdistan Alliance MP Hamid Buffy that "the legislative institution is so far incomplete and must be the formation of the Federation Council, which represents all provinces, regions and monitors the work of Parliament is also to represent these institutions the legislature in the country," noting that "to this day we do not have the Federation Council, which provides in Article 65 of the Constitution and must be regulated in the law was lying on the agenda of the House of Representatives, but there are disagreements about. "

    And carried the MP for the Iraqi List, Faiza al-Obeidi some political blocs responsibility for what is happening day of clashes and debates in Parliament and that often Mathaddt because of a failure to approve some important laws.

    Said al-Obeidi told {Euphrates News} "There are blocks stand in the way of legislation, some of the laws and therefore there are other blocs want to approve those laws Vtstal controversies and harassment on it", calling on all members of parliament to "raise all these controversies that do not serve the political process and thus keep them from Parliament Square and the enactment of laws, "متأملة be" the harassment of political ephemeral ", demanding House Speaker Osama Najafi as" a matter of trying to stir up trouble to leave the Council Chamber and issuing some instructions regarding this position for the purpose of the legislation of laws broken. "ended 16:00

  9. #9
    Vice independently: cancel pensions for MPs would turn parliament into companies

    Wednesday, July 10 / July 2013 10:10 |

    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} saw the independent MP, Jawad Albzona, that the abolition of pensions for members of the House of Representatives, would turn parliament into companies, indicating that reduce these salaries will be better off.

    The MP said, told {Euphrates News} Wednesday that "reducing pensions better than canceled, because the cancellation will turn the House of Representatives to companies, where will the Attorney works during this period in order to be the same in the future and are turning to companies and contractors must be there to protect them. "

    And between the MP that "the House of Representatives talking about the abolition of privileges in the media, but in the meetings of the Parliament reject it, that what has been seen clearly, we had collected signatures two years ago for the abolition of pensions, but there are MPs reject this measure."

    The representative of the religious authority in Najaf, Mr. Ahmed Net has pointed out in a speech last Friday that the "reference noted in a statement issued two years ago and confirmed that he has to be tough decisions to cancel the privileges granted to members of the House of Representatives and former and current members of provincial councils as well as officials with special grades. "

    The MP for the citizen Bloc, Faleh force that is the first mass compliant with the orders of the religious authority in Najaf for a law to abolish the privileges granted to members of the House of Representatives and current and former members of the provincial councils in addition to those with special grades.

    And enjoy the senior officials in the state Bamtayazat wide and is Minister of the most enjoying those privileges where the disposal of them and their deputy ministers and general managers and advisers in the ministries armored cars and Ivadat and expenses protect homes and these are all from the state treasury, while the members of the House of Representatives have their financial privileges where distract each deputy if he took office {$ 50} thousand dollars under the name of {improve the livelihood}, either members of the provincial councils are calculated them all maintenance عجلاتهم and expenses which use it for fuel and expenses of their contacts wheels and these are all from the state treasury as well. ended 2 m

  10. #10
    Saad: Some MPs accused of terrorism outbidding no more political and purpose of the pressure on opponents

    Wednesday, July 10 / July 2013 09:34
    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} confirmed the MP for the Virtue Bloc Susan Saad said a number of MPs accused of terrorism and corruption matters just outbidding no more political goal of those bids is pressure on the opponents in the political process to Tsagathm.

    Saad said in a statement to the Euphrates News Agency {} on Wednesday that "some lawmakers accused the issue of terrorism appear from time to time, but we have not seen in any one day that the mass of the blocks adopted the subject of withdrawal of confidence from any vice because of being accused of terrorism."

    The MP for the Iraqi free, high Nassif, had indicated earlier to the need to "take the judiciary role in criminal cases away from the legislative and executive authority."

    She said Nassif in a statement that "members of the Iraqi Council of Representatives decided to collect signatures to activate the file to lift the immunity neglected since the period of the inclusion of the Presidency of the Parliament, for about {13} deputies involved issues of terrorism, corruption, embezzlement and forgery and rape after he raised to the Presidency of the Council of Representatives book this regard. "

    And promised "to form a committee to consider the legality of parliamentary immunity for deputies in the parliament as a fad of the presidency of the parliament to delay lifting the immunity of deputies involved in an effort to تبرأة acquitted of the charges against them."

    It said Saad said "accusing some terrorism is a pressure on the House of Representatives and just outbidding political because it was Nlahadd any serious political blocs on this subject, especially as this is the last months of age the House of Representatives in the election cycle current," pointing out that "the agenda of the meetings of the Council Deputies did not witness any day raising the issue of lifting the immunity of any deputy accused of terrorism. "

    The MP for the rule of law Ibrahim stirrup, for {Euphrates News} that "there {13} deputies accused of corruption, terrorism or fraud and other charges, which are currently a campaign to collect signatures required to lift the immunity from them, and I am the first signatories to it," stressing that he "dictatorship Summit when it is clear that the Attorney representing the people who threaten and kill under the cover of immunity"

    Stapes noted that "wrongdoers must be held accountable and abusers, whether or deputy prime minister or even the President of the Republic Everyone is equal before the law," he said, calling the Supreme Judicial to "speed up the activation of this file."

    And published some of the media and a document containing the names of {13} Deputy accused of various issues including {terrorism, rape and murder, forgery and impersonation and other} Word, including the name of the independent MP, Sabah al-Saadi and Qais الشذر and others. Ended 1 m

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