" The Dinar Daily " ........... Saturday, 18 May 2013
New York Times: Maliki's need for new rules of play and lessons in leadership and reform
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Paid by the Iraqi government of the country to the brink of civil war; In less than a month launched an offensive in a fierce camp picket for the year what killed 44 people, and in one day culled 21 of the alleged terrorists, suspended work permits for ten Satellite nine of which are loyal to the year.
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to the people aroused the wrath of Sunni insurgents, with their sense of the futility of participating in the battles between the forces of al-Maliki and the extremists. Iraq remains in a state of chaos after years of civil war heinous deciding dominant Sunnis against Shiites recently on the country.
And ten years after the US-led invasion of Iraq, still a lot of the people are suffering from a lack of electricity and water. Education and health services - which were once the best in the Middle East - the day turn into skeletons of the past. Unemployment and poverty rising to record levels in peacetime.
Promises to share power helped to ease the winds of war, but the absolute exhaustion may be the reason - not the wise political leadership of the country - in the relative calm in recent years. The government has failed to address the grievances of Sunnis and Shiites alike.
Those demands include the continued exclusion from the political process, the systematic postponement of the elections, the absence of the amendment to the law "de-Baathification" broad and punitive laws to fight terrorism, and the concentration of power, however, the prime minister.
But that year and since the beginning of 2012 have challenged the status quo with their continued peaceful protests despite the violent incursions by state authorities.
In this atmosphere, the forces of the owners of Swat and army troops and federal police to the implementation of an armed attack on the protesters camps in Hawija.
Preliminary results reached by the parliamentary committee had killed 44 people and wounded 104 others of the protestors, in addition to the three dead police, according to the government.
It is clear that the attack came after several days of negotiations with the protesters, who accused the government of harboring militants accused of killing one of the soldiers and stealing their weapons at a checkpoint near the protest camp. The government did not announce found the state weapons or killers.
In a clear recognition that the attack had exceeded alone, al-Maliki announced the formation of a ministerial committee headed by the Sunni Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq to investigate the incident. But it seems that the aim of the formation of the committee was to appease the Sunni community and compensate the victims without an intention to uncover exactly what happened and who gave the order to attack or punish those responsible.
The Commission lacks the actual investigators and to the resources needed to gather evidence, and they adopted only to the ministers themselves in the conduct of the investigation. When asked Mutlaq whether the Commission had met with security forces on the attack, denying shook his head.
Said Hussein al-Shahristani, deputy prime minister and member of the Commission during an interview last week, "Do not expect a lot of us, we do not have enough time for that." The government's efforts to mitigate this terrible incident under the rug will increase the anger of those affected.
Perhaps the killings in Hawija a message to the protestors year bloodier than it was the intention of the al-Maliki, but there is no room for chance in his decision to the execution of 21 alleged terrorists whose identities remained unknown and crimes of public opinion.
After the protests, which came out against the violation of detention of women and the arrest of a number of protection and Minister of Finance, the government promised in January, the reform of the judicial system inclusive review of issues six thousand people were arrested as part of anti-terrorism law in the country and continue for years without trial, and the initiation of an investigation into the allegations forced confessions and rely on the confidential informant.
Even high-ranking officials promised to halt the death penalty until the review of all death sentences, but it seems that the government decided to review the law and order muscles its own in the face of escalating terrorist attacks in country, Vastanaft the executions, which fueled a new round of protests and condemnations.
Although roads dilapidated buildings explosive and garbage covering the streets of Baghdad, has equipped the government body of information and communications equipment, control, and display Mujahid Abu Hail, director of organizing media audiovisual them, proudly center that where there are a large number of staff watching constantly programs more than 15 satellite channels in the country, and an office full of records for those channels compliance controls. In the nineteenth and twentieth of April, the Commission suspended licenses ten channels because of the promotion and perspectives contributed to the sectarian violence, says Abu Hail, but failed in the presentation of a report documenting evidence of what he said.
The inclusion of a small Shiite channel between nine channels loyal to the year, including the island, do not do anything to hide the blatant effort to silence the Sunni news outlets critical of the government. This came after many of the attacks on the media covering the sit-ins, after the announcement last year its intention to close the channel 44 working illegally.
It is no doubt that the Iraqi media is very partisan, and Sunni and Shiite channels often indulge in deception in order to stoke sectarian tensions. But the state government concerned extinguished tensions may deplete more time in the implementation of real efforts to address the grievances of the community, not to silence the voices of the oppressed. The expected result of these steps, further radicalization of the Sunni component and the newly formed militias to defend it undertakes.
The Maliki needed new rules of the game, with lessons in leadership and reform that will unite the community on the basis of the protection of the freedom of every citizen, not shredded more.
Baghdad, Baquba - the «life»
Saturday, May 18, 2013
Sectarian violence moves from city to city in Iraq, claiming dozens of victims every day. With exposure Msheeau dead the day before yesterday for an attack that killed a number of them, hit worshipers terrorism in collector electrodes in Baquba, fell also dozens dead and wounded.
The attacks yesterday came a day after 12 people were killed and dozens injured in a suicide bomber strapped with explosives at the entrance to the Shiite shrine in Kirkuk on Thursday evening, two days after the killing of 21 people in attacks targeting mainly Shi'ite areas in Baghdad.
Iraqis live atmosphere of civil war that claimed tens of thousands between 2006 and 2008 after the bombing of the Al-Askari shrine in Samarra. And consider the goal of the attacks on Shiite mosques and mosques planned to return those war.
Also at the security level, the demonstrations continued in Anbar, where a tribal student conference to bring the army out of the city that «liberated Khalid bin Walid, a tribal leader said Ali Hatem al-Suleiman.
In Baquba, a police officer said that «a roadside bomb targeted worshipers as they left a mosque in force in the city center (60 km northeast of Baghdad), after Friday prayers (...) followed by another explosion after people gathered at the scene of the attack. Were killed in the attacks «41 people and wounded 57. A medical source said that among the wounded, 20 are in serious condition, pointing to the existence of seven children.
Forces sealed off from the police and military scene and prevented approaching him, also took Baquba General Hospital and prevented journalists from entering.
In conjunction with the attack of Baquba, killing at least eight Iraqis and 25 wounded in the bombing of mourners one of the victims of violence in the cities, south of Baghdad. A source in the Interior Ministry said the dead were killed by detonating a bomb targeted the mourners.
In other violence, a police source said that «A Inspection Service officers in Kirkuk and one of his relatives were killed northwest of the province.
On the other hand, re-deployment of army troops in Anbar province, while protests against the government continued in F «our choice of maintaining our identity.
The tribal Sheikh Ali Hatem al-Suleiman announced last night took up arms in the face of the security forces after the raid one of the farms. The student said in remarks to Al-Hayat yesterday the government to take «serious steps to remove the army and the rest of the federal security formations of the province, and added that« these undesirable forces ».
He explained that «tribal conference held yesterday on the occasion of Liberation Anbar at the hands of the Arab-Muslim leader Khalid bin Walid, the conferees agreed to claim remove the army from the province because of the provocative actions and resorting to arbitrary arrests and implementation of private agendas.
And breaking into his home the day before yesterday, said that «the incident was unexpected because there are warrants for my arrest, in addition to warrants for the arrest of the leaders of the sit-ins in Ramadi on fabricated charges intended to curb the demonstrations against the policies of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
According to a source of high-level security in Anbar «life» yesterday that «the military forces deployed in the vicinity and within some areas in Ramadi, after receiving information from the concentration of gunmen on a farm belonging to one of the politicians and their intention to review in the streets of the city, and imposed a curfew in Fallujah from ten pm until fourth.
Presidency of the Kurdistan region the federal government is demanding an end to the phenomenon of the Iraqi militias and holds al-Maliki responsible for the security deterioration
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Union: the presidency of the Kurdistan region condemned attacks by armed militias on Yezidi Kurds in Baghdad. The presidency of the province said in a statement that "for the second time this month exposed citizens of Kurdish Yazidis to attacks by armed militias have been cited by the fourteen people. While we strongly condemn these brutal attacks being waged on innocent people, hold the relevant agencies in the federal government's responsibility to protect the lives and property of citizens, and to initiate full speed to stop the spread of this criminal phenomenon revealed circumstances and bring the perpetrators to justice to receive their punished fair. It should protect the lives and rights of all religious and sectarian components and work with all seriousness in order to end the phenomenon of the proliferation of armed militias in Baghdad, which has become a threat to the lives and security of citizens and their safety. "
Moreover, carrying Iraqi coalition led by Iyad Allawi, the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Nouri al-Maliki, responsible for the continued deterioration of security and the targeting of citizens through bombings that killed dozens of victims in recent days, pointing to continued الاستهدافات personal also carried out by the militias "are to protect the outskirts of the window." The Iraqi in a statement: "We condemn in the strongest feelings of indignation continued deterioration of the security apocalyptic in the provinces of Iraq, targeting clear to citizens either through gory bombings that claimed tens or even hundreds of lives of innocent people in recent days, in addition to الاستهدافات personal carried out by terrorist forces and armed militias that enjoy the protection of the outskirts of the window, which not only targeting Iraqi Gmehoraútlav, and but extended their crimes to include a number of innocent citizens, including citizens of the Yazidi community. " The statement added that the Iraqi coalition "holds the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces responsible for every drop of blood spilled بأيادي sinful, and advise him again to resign for failing to fully protect the lives of people." And hit Baghdad, to a series of explosions, including areas Kadhimiya and saffron, and the city and the New Baghdad and Arboretum and Sedea and Husseiniya, which led to the killing and wounding dozens, as well as denounced the coalition united which is headed by Parliament Speaker Osama Najafi, targeting a number of Yazidis in Baghdad. The coalition said in a statement, "The targeting is repeated against various minorities in pursuit of criminal gangs to intimidate them and push them to leave Iraq," noting that "the protection of all our people is a national responsibility and morality can not evade it." The statement continued, "that Iraqis houses will remain open to all their brothers and تحتضنهم in a time of adversity and crises as they were over," called on the government and security agencies "stop the collapse of the security reality today in an unprecedented way."
In the meantime, the Ministry of Interior announced for reserve action and investigation to determine the circumstances of the accident and determine responsibilities and Almqbarat the right commanders who cutouts and terrorist bombings in their areas. The ministry said in a statement: that senior agent Adnan al-Asadi and implementation of the directives of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces and Minister of the Interior ordered the agency to take a series of punitive measures deterrent in this regard. He also ordered the proxy statement oldest honored princes cutters and affiliates who managed to thwart terrorist forces schemes and maintained the safety Qguatahm and their areas of terrorist bombings. Interior called on citizens to more cooperation and communication with them in the reporting of suspicious terrorist cases, confirming that their information'll find ears Alsagah the that translate into reality in achieving security and stability of our country. The statement pointed to the cooperation shown by the citizens of the holy district of Kadhimiya who reported car bombs in their area responded intelligence effort in the Ministry of Interior for such communications and work in the case dismantled and rid the citizens of the evils.
Of destinations, called the Human Rights Commission of parliamentary security agencies to prosecute those involved with the bombings and bring them to justice, the committee said, according to a statement that "serial bloody pursued by terrorist groups every day in our beloved country beyond the limits of humanity at large and became known to us who is now playing to the security and stability of the country . Terrorism targeted different parts of Baghdad. Kadhimiya, Sadr City and saffron and Arboretum and accepted by targeting workers from members of the community Yezidis and other targeted terrorism also an area of luxury and accepted various parts of Iraq, which claimed the lives of citizens are innocent unjustly as a result act of terrorism cowardly against the sons of the Iraqi people, and these repeated violations and continuing against humanity must not be tolerated never " He added that "the Commission demanding security agencies to prosecute perpetrators and bring them to justice and hold negligent and all of the support and gloss over the actions of terrorist groups that استباحت Iraqi blood regardless of the component, race, caste, religion and government institutions to take their role effectively to provide security stability."
It also called on the political body of the Sadrist movement of the House of Representatives to convene an emergency session to discuss the security situation against the backdrop of the recent bombings in the capital Baghdad. This was followed by a number of members of the Board and Vice-Liberal bloc issued a statement in this regard during a press conference, stating "I have seen the capital Baghdad and the cities of several series of bombings cemetery targeted and as usual, is innocent of our people oppressed Taking stand the political body of the Office of the Martyr Sadr on this scene deteriorating security motive for disappointment Hope and which now depends accommodate the head of the government and security led to the seriousness of the situation and predicament heading towards chaos to the inefficiency of the plans on the one hand and the lack of eligibility of some workers, especially that on the lives and security of citizens. "
And denounced the mass citizen parliamentary bombings in Baghdad and said President bloc Baqir al-Zubaidi said in a statement "fed up denunciations and statements of condemnation and appeal the conviction and modern refined twice the intelligence effort and Security Initiative, and we thought that the security services and the military leadership has absorbed the lesson and it is able to protect the rights of the Iraqi after managed to protect the ballot boxes in the provincial elections. " He asked al-Zubaidi, "When we keep watch on this blood Alzakih being shed every day in the street and repeated the same scene with members of a truncated aware Msmolh and legs cut off and bereaved and widows and young people are dying Blaznb, and we have a million soldiers and a policeman, and spent tens of billions of dollars armed and equipped and are still نراوح our place?".
Middle East Voices: Iraq threatened to slide into civil war, but Maliki is busy consolidating his power
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Saw a fellow at the Iraqi Institute for Strategic Studies said the situation in Iraq now ايشبه crises that used the country traffic out, and perhaps lead to a civil war will bring results form the nature of community relations, so the United States to intervene quickly and effectively effort diplomat with all the Iraqi parties.
Said Ramzi Mardini, in an article published in the Middle East Voices of the Voice of America, said that the month of April saw the tenth anniversary of what is described by Lebanese writer as "the anniversary of the fall of Baghdad," and a third local elections in the era of post-Saddam a first elections ever seen without the presence of U.S. troops and seven years after the emergence of Nuri al-Maliki, a relatively unknown, prime minister of Iraq.
He said Mardini that "with it, and after a period of low levels of violence and relatively well round another election for the experience emerging democracy in Iraq, but the country is now entering the tougher stages troublesome since sliding into civil war (2005-2007) during the peak of the insurgency." He believed that "the Iraqi political scene today perhaps on the verge of slipping back into an era of sectarian violence, which requires the drafting of a new political framework for the rearrangement of community relations."
Mardini said that "disputes over power and sovereignty between the Baghdad government, dominated by Shiites and provinces where Sunni-dominated central and northern Iraq have caused tensions brewing for years."
The author argues that the Lebanese "in the center of most political disputes is the consolidation of the Prime Minister the power gradually."
Mardini believes that "today, no end in sight or how this situation can escalate toward a civil war again." He explains that "the normal course of the crises Iraq was spirally: as an accident particular; arise conflicts with the escalation of rhetoric; Finally it comes to its peak; But the trigger stop at the end. Then dissipate the crisis gradually with the survival of disputes unresolved." But Mardini believes that "it does not seem the case now."
He Mardini that "the level of stability embarrassment provided the psychological impact of the presence of U.S. troops is now, and the most sexually attracted to this situation is that the fatigue of war identifies signs Khvute now clearly. These factors was that cool the hottest situation in Iraq, produces an impact imparts character peacefully on the scene restive Iraqi political crisis and keeps in a spiral instead of escalation ".
But when U.S. forces withdrew from Iraq in December of the year 2011, as seen Mardini, "it was clear that a new and dangerous phase in Iraqi politics will follow the withdrawal."
The writer adds Lebanese "It appears that Iraq is suffering from the weight of the system overload. فسياسته fragile emerging not built to maintain current levels of pressure, internal and external. Not only because tensions reached new highs due to local construction disputes unresolved, but it is exacerbated by the dynamics of the unusual and unstable in the region in the wake of the Arab Spring. "
He Mardini, explaining that "the rise of Sunni Islamists in the Middle East and the war in the prosecution department in neighboring Syria have increased infrastructure sectarian hardening, and expanded the fears of the Shiites and the arrogance of the Sunnis in Iraq, and this mixture risk coined accounts political players the wrong reckless on both sides."
Mardini pointed out that "it is not strange in post-conflict countries to slip again and return to civil war, especially when the collapse of power-sharing agreements or they get used valid for the parties involved."
He said Maddena that "it is too early to talk about whether the wave of bloody clashes will take Iraq to the cycle of sectarian conflict again; The worst scenario is two wars civil wars neighboring Syria and Iraq Tgeraan time simultaneously along the fault lines of sectarianism, and this outcome, the United States interest severe in preventing without them. "
He believed Mardini that "despite the fact that its influence declined over the years, but the United States remains external force only can communicate with all parties. Might be the Turks and the Iranians are strong at the local level, but there are limits Tiom in the national arena and is credited circles of influence sectarian. It without the presence of the political leader of the Kurdish president of Iraq, Jalal Talabani, in the political scene, the Kurds are not in a position to play a mediating role between Shiites and Sunnis, and the United States will not be able to rely on any Iraqi to prepares them effectively and quickly diplomatic efforts are necessary. "
It is suggested Mardini that "instead of the Declaration of disapproval bloody confrontations and risk selection camp, which acceded to, the United States establish a slope in front of the escalation vortex that draws the crisis now to the point of no return. Should be from Washington to demonstrate quickly willingness to play a leading role in the collection of the Iraqi parties together for talks under its auspices. "
It recognizes Mardini said "no guarantees, of course in this procedure, but that this proposal may provide a mechanism for Iraqi leaders to get rid of the track devastating moment. Any attempt strong will require discussions private and individually with all Iraqi parties and the highest levels of the U.S. government (especially the U.S. president), and so they can be to announced later. "
Baghdad Struggles to Halt
Devaluation of Iraqi Dinar
By: Omar al-Shaher for Al-Monitor Iraq Pulse Posted on May 17.
Over the last few days, the government in Baghdad has been preoccupied with attempting to control the exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar against the US dollar. The rate has been dropping since April, reaching its lowest at the beginning of this week.
The Central Bank of Iraq has taken measures to slow the fall of the Iraqi dinar, which has plummeted against the US dollar in recent weeks.
Baghdad Tries to Halt the Iraqi Dinar Exchange Rate Deterioration
Author: Omar al-Shaher
First Published: May 15, 2013
Translated by: Joelle El-Khoury
Categories :Originals Iraq
During the preceding week on the local market, the dinar dropped against the dollar from 1,200 to 1,300, widening the gap against the official exchange rate by 121 dinars.
The Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) sells one dollar for every 1,179 dinars to authorized banks, which then sell it for 1,189 dinars to citizens traveling for medical treatment. Otherwise, traders and others looking to buy dollars must enter a public auction for hard currency sales managed by the CBI. This is one of a series of measures overseen by the Interior Ministry. The CBI, the country's monetary policy authority, recently held a series of meetings with members of the country's Parliamentary Presidential Board — which consists of Speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, First Deputy Speaker Qusai al-Suhail and Second Deputy Speaker Aref Tayfur — to explain how to deal with the decline in the local exchange rate.
In a statement issued on May 12 and obtained by Al-Monitor, the Iraqi legislature announced that the parliamentary presidential board had met that day with Abdul Basit Turki, governor of the CBI by proxy and head of the Supreme Audit Board. It also proclaimed, “The Parliamentary Presidential Board expressed its full support for the CBI scrutinizing the private banks’ activity, archiving information and taking reform measures, which include controlling the exchange rate of the dollar, reducing money laundering and strengthening the CBI’s capacity in economic development.”
In a separate statement, issued May 13, the parliament announced that Suhail had “chaired the Finance Committee’s meeting in the presence of CBI governor Abdul Basit Turki.” Suhail stressed “the need to determine procedures taken by the CBI’s administration to address the fluctuation in the dinar’s exchange rate against the dollar.” The parliament also emphasized, “It is important to know the true causes of this fluctuation, which will negatively affect the [quality of] life of the Iraqi citizen.”
The CBI’s governor, according to the statement, "gave a presentation of the CBI’s policy and recent activity, particularly the CBI’s auctions and its administration’s procedures to combat the fluctuation of the exchange rate for the dollar." In addition, members of the parliamentary finance committee reviewed “their suggestions and recommendations on the developments in the auction and dollar-exchange methods.” They also stressed “the need to take measures to prevent some of those who trade with the money of the Iraqi people from exploiting the CBI’s auction.”
CBI officials refused to make comments to the media, but on May 13 local media circulated a statement by a banking source described as "high-level." According to the statement, "The CBI’s foreign currency reserves amount to $74 billion” and that “this amount is the highest Iraqi foreign currency reserve ever.”
Economist Jawad al-Shammari said in an interview with Al-Monitor, “The CBI follows a vigilant policy when dealing with the media. It is probably the party that leaked information on the increasing Iraqi foreign currency reserves in order to calm mounting fears as a result of the sharp decline in the value of the dinar against the dollar.”
Shammari added, “The CBI holds daily sessions to sell foreign currency with both governmental and private participation. The sales can be either in cash or in the form of overseas transfers in exchange for commission.” Shammari believes that “this measure — which aims to control the dinar exchange rate against the dollar — is no longer effective due to the daily, increasing gap between what the CBI offers in the auction and the actual market need.”
Haider al-Abadi, head of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, confirmed having “received reassuring messages from CBI officials on controlling the exchange rate fluctuation.” Abadi said that the CBI took measures enabling citizens to obtain foreign currency from public and private banks, including transfers for travel or treatment. He reiterated, "The problem is limited to the gap between supply and demand for US dollars in the Iraqi market.”
The CBI holds daily sessions to buy and sell foreign currency with the participation of Iraqi banks, except for public holidays, during which the CBI suspends these auctions. The sales can be either in cash or in the form of overseas transfers for a commissioning fee.
Omar al-Shaher is a contributor to Al-Monitor’s Iraq Pulse. His writing has appeared in a wide range of publications, including France’s Le Monde, the Iraqi Alesbuyia magazine, Egypt’s Al-Ahaly and the Elaph website. He previously worked for Al-Mada, covering political and security affairs, and as a correspondent for the Kuwaiti Awan newspaper in Baghdad.
By: Mushreq Abbas for Al-Monitor Iraq Pulse Posted on May 17.
The results of the Iraqi provincial elections held April 20 initiated a new political balance between the main Shiite powers in Iraq’s south, particularly in Basra. These powers are the State of Law coalition led by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, the Citizen’s Coalition led by cleric Ammar al-Hakim and the movement of religious figure Muqtada al-Sadr.
Basra has become Iraq’s latest political battleground as the country’s prominent Shiite factions seek to win over the local population of the majority-Shiite city in southern Iraq.
Conflict Over Basra Shapes the Paths of Shiite Alliances
Author: Mushreq Abbas
Translated by: Al-Monitor
Categories :Originals Iraq
Maliki's coalition won pluralities in seven of the 12 provinces where elections were held; no elections were held in Anbar, Ninevah and Kirkuk, as well as in the three Kurdish provinces of Erbil, Sulaimaniyah and Dohuk.
Yet Maliki’s victory left a bitter taste for the following three main reasons:
1. Maliki entered the elections with the intent of winning in all Shiite cities and of forming provincial governments by having political majorities. While he wants to apply this majority principle in the upcoming 2014 parliamentary elections, he failed to obtain it in his coalition’s attempt to form provincial governments. This forced him to resort once again to complicated arrangements with opponents lying in wait, and with scattered small forces.
2.The number of seats obtained by Maliki's coalition nationwide indicates that it lost at least 38 seats compared with the number of seats it obtained in 2009.
3. Maliki formed alliances with major political blocs such as the National Reform Trend led by Ibrahim al-Jaafari, the Badr Organization led by Hady al-Amiri, the Islamic Virtue Party and independent parties, while Sadr and Hakim made no alliances.
The most important conclusion to be made is that no bloc will be able to form provincial governments without broad alliances. While unremitting efforts were made this month to form such alliances, stiff competition in oil-rich Basra prevented any such governing coalition from quickly taking place in the city.
In Basra, Maliki’s seats dropped from 22 seats in 2009 to 16 seats in 2013, while Hakim won six seats and Sadr three. Ten other seats were distributed to small political blocs, new movements and religious minorities in Basra, which have a high potential for conflicts.
The adoption of the “Saint Lego” method had an impact on the new distribution of seats, which is characterized by a diversity allowing for the emergence of new voices and political forces.
Yet, the conflict today seems limited to the two forces trying to win the governor’s post and executive positions in Basra; those forces are the State of Law coalition led by Maliki and the Basra First coalition formed recently by most other political forces, at the forefront of which are Sadr and Hakim’s coalitions.
The State of Law coalition and the Basra First coalition each claims that it is capable of achieving a large majority in order to choose the governor and executive officials.
The head of the Basra First coalition, Jawad al-Bazoni, said he believes his coalition may obtain 25 seats because a number of candidates from the State of Law coalition decided to join his coalition; Anwar Medallal, speaking on behalf of Maliki’s coalition, declared that her coalition has 18 seats, enough for a bare majority of the 35 seats at stake.
While all this may be settled following the provincial council meeting at end of this month, the scale of the competition over who will control the provincial government is raising two major challenges for Basra:
1. Basra’s oil production covers 90% of Iraq's budget, while the city is witnessing a strongly growing tendency to become a federal region. This will guarantee broader investment of the wealth of this city, which is also the only Iraqi port on the Arabian Gulf. It will also ensure a solution to the ongoing crises between the local government in Barsa and the federal ministries in Baghdad, as stated by the city's governor in November 2012.
2. Basra was the biggest supporter of the policies of the current government led by Maliki: His bloc obtained in Basra the highest percentage of votes in the provincial elections of 2009 and the parliamentary elections in 2010. It is also worth mentioning that Maliki supports the formation of a strong central government in Baghdad rather than having several regional governments.
The contradiction between the two approaches is not the only reason for the wide conflict over Basra. Other considerations include the city’s large population (around 3 million), its geographic location and its large number of investments — in particular in the oil fields. All this has helped ignite competition over who will run its government.
The most significant point about the competition between Maliki and other Shiite forces in Basra is that the results of this conflict will help clarify the Shiite alliances in the Iraqi parliamentary elections of 2014.
Whoever takes over Basra’s government and leadership will probably have an opportunity to dictate alliances in the next government in Baghdad.
A likely scenario is that a possible Sadr-Hakim alliance could have a significant effect on the Shiite balance of power in such a way that not only prevents Maliki from applying his strategy to form a future government with a political majority, but also may force him to abandon his plan to run for his third governmental mandate.
Mushreq Abbas is a contributing writer for Al-Monitor’s Iraq Pulse. An author and journalist who has worked in the media for 15 years, he holds a degree in political science from Baghdad University. He has managed Al-Hayat’s office in Iraq since 2005.
Coracoid: the presidency of the parliament agreed to hold an emergency session to discuss the deteriorating security situation in the country
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Presidency of the parliament approved the request of the Liberal bloc to hold an emergency session of the Council to discuss the security deterioration witnessed in the country.
The MP said the Liberal bloc Iqbal coracoid in a statement received by the Agency (news) a copy of it: The presidency of the Council and the seriousness of the situation responded to a request from the political body of the Sadrist movement, and announced a hold emergency meeting next Tuesday.
Nujaifi calls to convene an emergency session
Baghdad / NINA / House Speaker Osama Nujaifi called parliament to convene in an emergency session on Tuesday.
Nujaifi's office quoted him as saying that "the session will be attended by the acting defense minister, undersecretary of the Interior Ministry, Intelligence Director and leaders of Baghdad and Tigris operations commands to discuss the circumstances of this serious deterioration and to provide convincing and professional explanations to the Iraqi people."
It is mentioned that Baghdad and a number of provinces have seen series of bombings by car bombs and improvised explosive devices led to the fall of hundreds of dead and wounded.
Kurds agree to attend the emergency session called by Nujaifi
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, from the Kurdistan Alliance, Ashwaq al-Jaaf announced the Kurdistan Alliance's participation in the meeting called by House Speaker Osama Nujaifi next Tuesday, to discuss the recent security breaches and host the security leaders.
He said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA/ that "the Kurds Representatives will put their opinions, during this session, which would enrich these hosting," calling "not to make this session like its predecessors, which did not come out with desired results. "
She demanded "to activate intelligence effort in the security services, which is weak, due to lack of trust between the citizen and the security services, and also to purchase effective equipment."
She explained," the situation now cannot be remained as it is and the bombings continue to claim the lives of citizens, and the politicians and members of the House of Representatives only denounce, "calling the House of Representatives to take decisive decision in the special meeting to be held on Tuesday."
The head of the House of Representatives, Osama al-Nujaifi called, in a statement, to an emergency session on next Tuesday with the presence of the Acting Minister of Defense, the undersecretary of the Ministry of Interior, the Director of Intelligence and the leaders of Baghdad and the Tigris operations, to discuss the circumstances of this serious deterioration and provide persuasive and professional explanations to the Iraqi people.
Diyala calls for Parliament to investigate the "massacre" in force and warns of war "sectarian"
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Demanded Diyala province, Saturday, to open an investigation into the bombing of a mosque in force in Baquba after Friday prayers yesterday, which led to the killing and wounding dozens, while warning of the "spark" defuse sectarian war across the "target" of mosques.
The director of the Media Diyala province, heritage-Azzawi, in an interview for "Twilight News", "We demand for security and defense committee and parliamentary officials of defense and interior to open an extensive investigation about the massacre mosque in force in Baquba," noting, said the bombing "behind 86 dead and wounded."
He added, "The six mosques in Diyala targeted during eight weeks and left the terrorist attacks more than 160 people dead and wounded," noting that it "refers to the existence of agendas working to ignite a sectarian war by targeting mosques."
Saw Diyala yesterday explosion two cans conjunction targeted worshipers at a mosque in force central Baquba after their exit from praying Standard, killing and wounding 86 people of worshipers as witnessed province in April and May 6 attacks a variety of targeted several mosques in the province that left more than 200 dead and wounded.
Azzawi promised mosque bombing in effect "a flagrant breach of security borne devices to protect the mosque, in addition to the presence of مندسين working to feed sedition and peaceful keep the essence of their legitimate demands," and urged, "turn off all accused of negligence and compensate victims of the bombing."
He added, "The mosques in Diyala has become a clear target for militias frivolous targeting advocates of moderation and peace activists in the province," warning of a "conspiracy to re Diyala sectarian strife is that the administration of the province will not allow any schemes aimed at the social fabric by targeting mosques and places of worship."
Diyala province has announced, on Friday evening, three days of mourning for the victims who were killed after they came out of a mosque in force in Baquba, while officials and political parties condemned the Iraqi attack.
Ethel Nujaifi: Baghdad to buy weapons and equipment as if ready for an all-out war
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Criticized the governor of Nineveh Ethel Nujaifi, said Saturday "the way the" Baghdad with the security file, indicating that the recent buy weapons and equipment only suitable for the comprehensive wars, noting that there are other ways to deal with the security file.
Najafi wrote on his personal page on "Facebook", and followed the "Twilight News" that "in spite of frequent objection security file remains Ground Forces Command, however."
"I can not understand how officers have studied and practiced fighting fronts and military mobilization, anti-outlaw activities within cities and within the societies in which good and mixed rotten?"
He noted that "we all observe the results fiasco to deal with the security file, however this is not accepted by the Government to reconsider the way to deal with this issue."
He continued by saying "The government has allocated more than $ 25 billion (for the purchase of military equipment) and this means times the budget of some neighboring countries, and the government refuses to brief Parliament on the details of weapons."
However, Najafi said, "all know that those weapons have nothing to do our problems with the security situation, rather than to buy cars sonar to detect booby buy heavy artillery, and instead of organizing electronic surveillance on the streets of Iraq, which can be organized during the weeks in agreement with the satellite, buy equipment not only good for overall wars, as if we are preparing to launch a new war fronts, not to save the security inside Iraqi cities. "
Coalition Hakim earned announced on the position of governor in three provinces
18-05-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Detection of the Supreme Islamic Council, which is headed by Ammar al-Hakim, on Saturday, for obtaining the position of provincial councils in the three provinces, while stressing that the distribution of the rest of the positions being in coordination with the State of Law coalition and the Liberals.
A member of the Council on an inch in an interview for "Twilight News", that "it was agreed in principle with the state law and the Liberals to get mass of citizens for the post of governor in the provinces of Babil, Basra and Najaf," he said, adding, that the bloc "also get the other posts in the the remaining provinces will share the position of Governor of the share of state law or Liberal. "
He added an inch that "the agreement was on paper that has been signed but is still an agreement in principle," adding that "the distribution of positions primarily the foundation will be subject to the elections."
The Electoral Commission for elections, has pointed out in announcing the final results of the provincial elections, has announced solutions coalition of state law, first in local elections in Basra, winning 16 out of 35 seats reserved for the province, a large margin for the coalition of citizen, who finished second six seats, and the Liberal coalition, which won three seats, and received a list of Basra independent seats.
But in the province of Najaf, which amounts to their seats 29, has won first place list fulfillment of Najaf, led by the conservative current Adnan al b 9 seats, followed by the coalition of citizen 6 seats and a coalition of state law, with 5 seats, while resulted in the elections of Babil province, which includes council 31 seats for Win a coalition of state law, the first prize with 8 seats, followed by the coalition of citizen 7 seats and combine competencies independent Iraq 4 seats III.