" The Dinar Daily " .......... Thursday, 18 April 2013
1621841743.jpgMaliki threatens sanctions demonstrators
Source: BAGHDAD - Iraq's Ahmad
Date: 18 April 2013
Crisis has escalated between demonstrators Anbar, the Iraqi government two days before the elections of the provinces where attacked Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki demonstrators and protesters strongly, describing them b «rebels», warning them of the decisions deterrent If you do not return to their understanding on the basis of «the Constitution and national unity» instead of the threat, He stressed that the government «patient them often, in Anbar Matsamu student of the international community to refer Maliki to eliminate« and presented to the psychiatrist and confirmed that al-Maliki is suffering from 'overthrows crisis'.
Maliki said in a conference promotional for the State of Law coalition led by Stadium in the city of Nasiriyah The government called on the protesters and demonstrators and led to an understanding on the basis of the Constitution and the basis of national unity «But they raise slogans of sectarian and threatening the use of force», he said, «I have patience for them very much because they are our brothers, but They have to believe he may very seriously, and ended the opportunity is no longer wise to benefit with these people (rebels), and we will have another interview and the Iraqi people's position will not be too far away », calling on partners in the political process to« not to stand with these people (criminals) who threaten the political process ».
A recent letter
Maliki stressed that «these if they wanted a democratic political process stable, they should come to negotiate and dialogue and Sajdonna brothers to them, but if they wanted through explosions and roadside bombs and الكواتم I tell them that our position now is not vulnerable of us, but was keen on the blood of Iraqis», However, threatened «but take care the blood of Iraqis may require us responsible attitude in accounting for all who are coming out of law ».
In the meantime, student Matsamu Anbar, the international community to refer Maliki to eliminate and presented to the psychiatrist, critics of the Special Envoy of the United Nations in Iraq, Martin Kobler not to visit the province.
Accusations of government
The head of the Iraqi Awakening Ahmed Abouricha at a press conference in the city of Ramadi, said that «the government accustomed to lying and laughing on the chins», indicating that «Maliki is suffering from a crisis of coups and now is planning a coup, although the existence of democratic project approved by the United Nations since ten years»
The Abouricha demanded the international community to «Maliki refer to the judiciary, and then presented to the medical committee or a psychiatrist because he suffers from a" crisis of coups, "In light of continuing on this as" Snchea the body of democracy soon.
For his part, criticized the leader of the Iraqi List, Ahmed al-Alwani, the United Nations envoy Martin Kobler's «not Anbar visit while going to visit Erbil, adding« Are we inferior to them with regard to our cause.
He said al-Alwani, said that «the demands that talked about the brothers sitters rights are usurped by the government, while the answer was the government demands is executions», criticized the decision to postpone the elections in the provinces of Anbar and Nineveh, stressing that the elections in all the provinces must be one within Iraqi law.
Demonstrators leaders: Prime Minister does not recognize the other and does not believe in partnership
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad: Hamza Mustafa
After less than 48 hours from the start of universal suffrage for the election of provincial Iraqi and southern city of Nassiriya chosen Iraqi prime minister and leader of a coalition of state law, Nuri al-Maliki to have caught the end of the campaign determine the position of the events that went on to launch in five provinces of western predominantly Sunni four months . Maliki, who is accused by his opponents within the National Alliance Party (featuring in addition to state law, both the Sadrists and the Supreme Council of the Islamic Virtue Party and the Badr Organization) by making more than allowing Baathists Vitzha way for the return of members of the leadership teams to practice their oversteer demonstrators and protesters in a final attempt from him to win More of electoral votes. In the conference to promote his campaign in some central and southern governorates, where did not receive al-Maliki as was expected in many of these areas, said al-Maliki, said that «the government called on the protesters and demonstrators and led to an understanding on the basis of the Constitution and the basis of national unity, but they raise slogans of sectarian and threatening the use of force». He said al-Maliki: «I have patience for them very much because they are our brothers, but they have to believe that very seriously and ended the opportunity is no longer wise to benefit with these rebels would be us another interview and the Iraqi people's position will not be too far away», calling: «partners in the political process not to stand with these criminals who threaten the political process. Maliki stressed that «these if they wanted a democratic political process stable, they should come to negotiate and dialogue and Sajdonna brothers to them, but if they wanted through explosions and roadside bombs and الكواتم I أقولهم them, Our position now is not vulnerable of us, but the interest on the blood of Iraqis». However, al-Maliki threatened «but take care on the blood of Iraqis may require us responsible attitude in accounting for all who are coming out of law». Maliki confirmed with emotion, saying: «murderers and criminals will never return to the political process Maha long it takes and whatever the numerous sacrifices and whatever plotted and blew up and assassinated and whatever behind Wills regional and international forces and local political», indicating that «the account with them is still open and will not close».
For their part, considered representatives demonstrations in Anbar that the language used by al-Maliki to express his position on the demonstrations that the four-month-old provocative and crossed the truth about what he believes. The spokesman for the demonstrators Anbar Said Lafi told «Middle East», that «what was announced by al-Maliki is the real answer what he believes Unlike all the other cases the man does not recognize the other and does not believe in partnership and wants to say, I am your Lord Top Vaabdon» stressing that « tries often and by certain persons or entities improve its image but soon reveals the truth about his intentions and motives clearly. Lafi pointed out, we are actually happy Maliki's remarks because they Declaration and clear on what the Lord says those defenders surprising what he called duplication of positions between his call for dialogue and attacked the demonstrators and the composition of the committees and Oaidh war. In response to a question about the fate of the delegation, which announced the demonstrators formed to negotiate with the government, said Lafi: «We have formed our delegation than two weeks and was ready to negotiate but we asked for a gesture of goodwill delivery killers sons of Fallujah and stop executions while the answer was the government executed about 50 people from the Sunnis» saying that «the next most serious and that we are ready for all possibilities. For his part, member of the Iraqi parliament and one of the main organizers of the demonstrations Ahmed al-Alwani told «Middle East», that «Maliki's comments provocative and calls to violence and that instead of looking for the killers of the Iraqi people, it is preoccupied Bdaith election and attacking peaceful demonstrators and this is evidence that the blood of Iraqis do not does not have a weight-Maliki. He Alwani: that «it is logical and reasonable to be about half of the Iraqi people who pretend now traitors and owners agendas», pointing out that «Maliki's comments and Ali al-Adeeb coincided with statements Qassem Soleimani provocative and which is intrusive and clear in Iraqi affairs, without telling him a on the eye brow while the world or sit while Erdogan speaks note that the latter did not speak ten days what to say Soleimani.
Iraq is heading for international support economic reforms
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad - Mostafa Hashemi
Iraq is seeking to improve its economy, which is weary lean years, through access to a market economy by trying to open up government to the private sector and taking his hand and sticky in the realm of economic development process.
And experiencing the local scene from time to time events economic mission to revitalize the role of the private sector to qualify for the task of investing in infrastructure projects where the governing Iraqi government international conferences abroad and the other in Iraq, calling for foreign investors and Iraqis to enter the market and invest in infrastructure projects and others. Believes researcher Economic Suhad Tariq virgins that the establishment of such conferences, economic and investment without real reforms and processors radical laws on investment makes her stay or not either. added that those conferences attract بشعاراتها and calls most of the foreign investors who see in Iraq is a promising market, open and attractive investment, but they soon Ansdmoa protein and the complexities of Iraqi laws relating to foreign investor to flee سراعا to feel that this laws Atkhaddmanm and do not match with what they called him in those conferences.
And stressed the need to reform the seriousness is legislation economic laws new suit phase through which Iraq is because the majority of existing laws that are working out now old and represent the stage of the totalitarian regime and not the new system represented a market economy. To activate the economic role which will hopefully be played by the private sector in the development process economic, has announced the launch of a special project to review economic laws in Iraq was emphasized the importance of coordination between the ministries concerned in the economic sector on the one hand and between the representatives of the local private sector on the other to coordinate with the bodies, associations and economic organizations NGOs to begin the process of real economic development and that Iraq needs at this stage. was head of the advisers in the Council of Ministers Thamer Ghadhban announced in a press statement that the body began to pay attention to economic reform to encourage investment and the development of the role of the private sector. said we started working with international organizations in a number of programs, particularly the economic reform through the formation of work teams shared between the advisers and the state institutions and international organizations during which the study of the laws and regulations and to develop plans to reform the corporate laws and tax system.
He noted that the transition from totalitarian regimes to pluralism is one of the difficult stages that may be long and evolve, stressing the need that the state has a clear vision in the field of economic policy and its goals according to the hierarchy timeline. Said angered the importance of planning into a period exceeding 5 years, during which public sector reform and the development of performance standards for financial management, because in previous years highlighted the growing consumer spending for Iraq calls for further reforms and to improve the working environment in Iraq to make it an attractive country for investment.
Kurds are demanding Baghdad b 9 billion to compensate victims of the Anfal
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil - as Francis
Thursday, April 18, 2013
Kurdistan region called the federal government in Baghdad to compensate victims of a campaign of 'Anfal' $ 9 billion, while human rights organizations demanded the Kurdish authorities to arrest the accused in the case, and warned of hiring file for political gain.
And organized the Kurdish government ceremony to commemorate the anniversary of 26 to bombard areas of the valley of Balisan and Sheikh and سانان (80 km north of Erbil), chemical weapons that killed more than 200 people and about 400 injured, so to coincide with the celebrations in the cities the region to commemorate the campaign «Anfal» military waged by the system Previous in successive stages during the eighties of the last century resulted in the deaths of nearly 182 thousand Kurds.
He said Prime Minister Barzani in a speech at the ceremony, said that «the Iraqi government has not claimed responsibility legal and ethical yet did not compensate families of the martyrs», explained that «the region suffered significant damage, and in accordance with the standards and studies adopted by the selection of the Fifth Government of the Territory, they need to more than nine billion dollars to revive them, and urged the federal government to «budget allocation for the payment of such compensation, pursuant to the decision of the Supreme Criminal Court, which has confirmed that this is a crime of genocide, and otherwise, bear the consequences and the consequences of this neglect, as well as the moral responsibility».
On the other hand, you see the human rights organizations and among the opposition, that the Kurdish authorities «wasted» a lot of money in organizing festivals and celebrations to remember the way, while he could disbursed to treat the wounded who are still suffering from the effects of the campaign, and failed so far to arrest the accused or implicated, including Kurdish forces were among «الجحوش» (label, which was launched on the popular National Defence Force).
He said an activist in the organization «Cardoseid» human rights Necmettin Hama-Saeed told «life», that «the organization demanding Judicial Council, who informed the Court of Appeal since the fifth of May, to prosecute the defendants wanted a decision from the Supreme Criminal Court in the Anfal case and the number 258, and should be arrest and trial, but that decision has not yet been implemented, has the Judicial Council, in turn, Report legal entities concerned, but that the Interior Ministry has not implemented, and still these neighborhoods they enjoy freedom and receive money and salaries and protection before the eyes of the victims ».
He concluded by saying: «We stand in the face of any party seeking to recruit a tragedy for political gain, and the defendants - especially to launch the Anfal campaign - no one is entitled to issue an order to pardon them, but must be hiring decisions for the conduct of the file, and not to challenge political party, or become a political issue to compete.
It was Barzani's face in a statement calling for political parties to make the appropriate «all the memories of the tragedies catalyst for national action common to reach the goals of our people, not to be suitable for outbidding political and media, Hatches not in vain sacrifices Anfal and other disasters of our people in order to ensure a secure future away from disaster for our future generations.
The Minister of Martyrs Aram Ahmed during a meeting held in the district Jmajal in Sulaimaniyah province raise a memo to the three presidencies in Baghdad to demand the accession of Iraq to the International Criminal Court, has tried a number of families of the victims Province word minister, and asked him to submit his resignation due to his failure to arrest and prosecute «الجحوش and advisers »Kurds who were involved with the former regime in waging the campaign.
The movement called 'change' opposition to «give character and national events away from the partisan character, and accused the Kurdish authorities' failure to secure a fair sources of income or health or social care places suitable housing for families of the victims. The Organization confirmed «visited for the Defense of Freedoms said in a statement that« those who carried out the Anfal campaign yesterday, live a decent life better than those affected, despite the passage of 25 years since the disaster.
Fuad Hussein, a recent U.S. administration the opportunity in front of al-Maliki to avert schism
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil: Shirzad Shaikhani
The aim of the Kurdish delegation's visit to the United States, led by Dr. Fuad Hussein, President of the Presidium of the Kurdistan region of Iraq, Two-Line is parallel meet eventually when the question of the right of self-determination as an inevitable result of the worsening deepening political crisis in Iraq. The first line from which tries to maintain the Kurdistan region of Iraq's unity and revive the political process and in accordance with the principle of partnership and the balance of political consensus, and this is what it has repeatedly emphasized the leadership of Kurdistan, both through official statements or for negotiating her meetings. The second line is to stay away slowly from central authority and open the prospects for a long-term strategic relations with Turkey, via activation of oil cooperation and strive to lend a separate line for Iraqi Airways tanker of oil to the Turkish port of Ceyhan.
In the first part is still the leadership of the Kurdistan continue its negotiations with the federal government, led by Nuri al-Maliki, who leads the bloc of state law that fall under the banner of the National Alliance Shiite, and the last attempts is to send two delegations military and financial support to Baghdad to explore the intentions of the Shiite side of the overall solutions out of the crisis, which attempt counted Dr. Fuad Hussein, in his meeting with newspaper «Washington Post» U.S. that «the current talks may be the last chance to avoid a split Iraq into regions of Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish - split blamed it on attempts to al-Maliki to focus Shi'ite power» adding «either to enter into a partnership real, or to go back to our people, pointing out that the result may be a referendum on the future of the Kurds.
The second part is a continuation of the efforts of the Government of the region extended its line of oil carrier via Turkey, which would give the Kurdistan economic independence from Baghdad, where he pointed a report published by Reuters news agency sources, Turkey «that the Government of the Territory completed its preparations to pump oil to the world market this year,» referring to the «The Turkish government gave the green light to connect the Taq Taq field in Erbil governorate so through a company line (Genel إينيرجي) Turkish».
In connection with the leadership dominated Hawrami KDP, led by Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani response to a question «Middle East» about the maximum can go to leadership of the region regarding the options available to them in case of failure of the current negotiations with Baghdad, said: «all parties and forces Kurdish agreed on the need to have leadership of the region a firm stance towards the current political crisis, and attempts to al-Maliki of marginalizing the Kurds as it did with Sunni Arabs, Mr. President of the Region met with the leaders of all political parties and discuss with them in depth about the Kurdish position, and the decision is to give a last chance to the federal government and al-Maliki in order to avoid mistakes in the political process and return to a genuine partnership and achieve political consensus, and to meet Kurdish demands regarding the implementation of Article 140 and dues oil and balancing the Peshmerga and the normalization of the situation of the disputed areas, and we are seeking through all these negotiations preceding the announcement our final position, to restore trust between us, if not unsuccessful negotiations did not achieve Committees military, financial, any positive results, then no one blame us to resort to other options as Mr. President of the Region, and of course will return the two major parties to the Parliament and سيضعان all the issues and the results of the efforts and negotiations to members to decide the appropriate step, whether they are constantly participating current situation or province, and the right to self-determination will be one of the options to be decided by Parliament as a representative of the people. And about the reasons for fluctuations American attitude of the political crisis in Iraq, Hawrami said «assumes administration of President Obama to resolve its position on the crisis, and to desist from supporting one party against another, it must stand at least on the fence so as not to يستقوي party to the other through U.S. support, and such management to understand the nature of crises and complex differences in Iraq before the intervention in favor of one party or another.
Provincial elections to test the stability of the situation of the country
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad: Al-Sharq Al-Awsat
Iraqis vote Saturday to elect members of the provincial councils, in the first elections since the departure of U.S. troops from the country by the end of 2011, representing a test of the stability of the political situation of the country and security. The current elections, the first since the parliamentary elections held in early 2010, and a test of the level of popularity of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who is locked in competition with its partners in his government politicians who accuse him of exclusivity power and undo the agreements. In the meantime, continue demonstrations months ago in the governorates of Anbar, Nineveh and Salahuddin Sunni majority in protest against the policy of undermining the Sunni Arabs, who accuse the government of Maliki, a Shi'ite, its practice. What increased tension in the situation of the country, the rising tide of violence in recent days across the country, which witnessed a series of violence peaked in 2006 and 2008 left tens of thousands of victims, most of them civilians. Election will take place on the same day in the governorates of Anbar and Nineveh, out of 18 provinces across the country, due to the unstable security situation, at the discretion of government agencies. 14 candidates have been killed for these elections across the country, most of the candidates of the Iraqi List led by former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, during the past few days.
Voters will participate in four provinces; Kirkuk is disputed, and the provinces of Arbil, Sulaymaniyah and Dohuk, which represents the northern Kurdistan region of Iraq's semi-autonomous to vote on the same day. In Kirkuk, local elections are still pending because of political differences between the central government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government, which seeks to be considered as part of the territory. As no local elections will be held in the provinces of Kurdistan, at the same time with the remaining provinces, and will be held soon on the eighth of September next.
And see Chrispet House, director of the group «Eurasia» Advisory «Middle East and North Africa by the London-based company, that these elections« crystallized polarization along sectarian lines, and more than the last election, certainly. He added that «what is happening tells the fundamental problem in Iraq, and I'm still waiting for someone can conduct a political dialogue .. Differences (between political parties) probably are not political.
It seems that the political process, since the last parliamentary elections, after which fought long negotiations politicians even reached to choose a prime minister, going the way of the complex, and rarely agree on any legislation of laws since then. As a result of this, the majority of voters do not trust the situation improved, especially in relation to poor basic services in light of the prevalence of corruption and high unemployment rates. And adopt a provincial councils elected by naming conservatives who are responsible for administrative and financial matters and reconstruction projects, and follow-up of local matters. And rarely going campaign to ideological trends, focusing on the political process, despite the adoption of the provincial councils a lot of controversial issues. Therefore, mobilize voter competing parties based on sectarian and ethnic identity or clan. The estimated number of Iraqis who are eligible to vote Saturday about 13 million and a half, in the elections, which are being contested by more than eight thousand candidate to win 378 seats. Despite the decline in rates of violence in Iraq, compared with a peak of sectarian war, the country still faces significant security challenges, standing behind the mostly Sunni militants linked to al Qaeda and carry out attacks in an attempt to undermine confidence in the government led by the Shiite majority. It is expected to open the ballot boxes in light of the escalation of violence, having led attacks across Iraq killed more than two hundred people in each month of this year, the highest casualty rates during the last three months of last year 2012, according to the tally Press Agency French. The violence on Monday, killing about fifty people, in a wave of attacks turned it into the most bloody in the last few days of the current month.
And Iraqi security forces for the first time responsibility for ensuring the conduct of the elections without the support of U.S. or international forces since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003. Although police forces taking responsibility for protection of the provinces, the federal government remains president responsible for the security situation of the country.
Othman describes the National Alliance message as positive and expect a breakthrough in the crisis.
Baghdad/ NINA /--Leading member for Kurdish blocs coalition , the independent MP Mahmoud Othman said in a statement to NINA : " responding message sent by the National Alliance to Kurdistan Alliance, as positive, expecting in the same time a breakthrough in the outstanding crisis between the central government and the regional government of Kurdistan.
Head of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani, received yesterday a reply message from the National Alliance, in response to the message of the Kurdistan Alliance carried to Baghdad by a Kurdish delegation last Wednesday, after a thorough meeting that comprised Kurdish leaders with Massoud Barzani.
Nechirvan Barzani affirms to Kobler the Region's readiness to solve all problems through dialogue
Erbil (NINA) – Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani, said that the region is ready to deal with all problems through dialogue and understandin.
A statement issued on Wednesday, Apr. 17, quoted Nechirvan Barzani during his meeting with the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq, Martin Kobler, saying tha the Region's Government is ready for any meeting to discuss all outstanding issues. He stressed that Kurdistan Region did not reject any opportunity for dialogue to deal with outstanding issues; it is always open for dialogue.
He stressed the necessity that all of Iraq's components fell they are genuinely participating in the political process.
For his part, Martin thanked the Region's stance and its understanding of the situation in Iraq, asserting that the UN will exert its utmost efforts to actively act in dealing with outstanding issues in Iraq and to improve the political process.
In the meeting, developments in Syria and their effects on Iraq and the area are also discussed, in addition to the Region's relations with neighboring countries.
Kuwaiti Prime Minister to visit Iraq soon «to discuss the differences of the past and turn the page»
18-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad - Al-Hayat
Thursday, April 18, 2013
Confirmed the Foreign Relations Committee in the Iraqi Parliament's intention Kuwaiti Prime Minister Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah to visit Baghdad next month, pointing out that «debt cancellation and remove Iraq from Chapter VII highlighted the files that will discuss with him.
And pre-empted 'Sadr' visit to send a technical delegation to assess the impact of the demarcation of the border on the Iraqi territory. A member of the Foreign Relations Committee, leader of the «State of Law Coalition MP Sami al-Askari told« life »that« was supposed to be a visit before the local elections, but it seems that there are circumstances prevented without it.
The military did not disclose the type of these circumstances but an armed group calling itself 'group attributed the league, earlier threatened to «target plane will be reduced by the Prime Minister of Kuwait.
He added that the military «second invitation will be sent to the Prime Minister of Kuwait is unwelcome at any time», indicating that «the talks will end the outstanding issues between the two countries, particularly the issue of missing persons and Amiri Archive. We hope that these files folded visit, Sheikh Jaber Al-Sabah.
He pointed out that «the Kuwaiti side, who expressed his desire to visit Iraq turn the page on the past.
He added that «Kuwait's support for Iraq out of Chapter VII and the cancellation of debt owed by Iraq and the investments will be the most important topics to be discussed during the visit. Iraq remains under international trusteeship after being placed under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations because of the attribution of the former regime of Kuwait in August 1990, and the international resolutions that imposed on Iraq to pay 5 percent of its oil exports to Kuwait.
Furthermore, it was announced «Sadr» led by cleric Moqtada al-Sadr yesterday send a technical delegation and technical to judicial «Umm Qasr and Safwan» belonging to the province of Basra (490 km south of Baghdad) of «in order to assess the process of demarcation of the border after receiving chest complaints from citizens existence Kuwaiti excesses on their land.
Thousands of residents of Umm Qasr judicial and Safwan demonstrated to protest to «the demolition of their homes and displace them», adding that «these private land ownership for them and their families are not entitled to a grant to any State or any other».
Iraqi Kurdistan close to pumping oil to world markets via Turkey
17-04-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil, 17 April / (PNA) - Iraqi Kurdistan would be willing to export crude oil to world markets via Turkey within a few months after the completion of a new pipeline.
The sources said four of the oil sector in Turkey, told Reuters that the Kurdistan Regional Government is moving forward to complete the pipeline in the third quarter of the year. The line connects the Taq Taq oil field the Genl company run an existing pipeline between Iraq and Turkey.
Turkey has given the green light to a plan which includes entry of oil from the Taq Taq field to the pipeline Kirkuk - Ceyhan when pumping station Vichabour the near the Turkish border to flow directly to the Turkish port of Ceyhan to ship to international markets.
This step will help to increase the Kurdistan oil exports significantly.
A source familiar with the oil sector resident in Ankara "will be linked to the new pipeline line Kirkuk - Ceyhan." "Of course, when they can export through the pipeline, then they do not need to transport oil by truck will increase the quantities."
The sources said that the new pipeline was originally designed to be a line of natural gas, but energy minister in Iraqi Kurdistan, Ashti Hawrami said he would turn to the pipeline to transport oil in a move that helped Genl Energy to develop a plan for exports through the pipeline in 2014. And Genl refused to comment on it.
The sources said that the pipeline was completed by 80 percent and will be able to transport 300 thousand barrels per day and built by a Turkish contractor.
Kurdistan ore was transported to the world markets through the pipeline which is controlled by Baghdad and connecting to Turkey, but exports via this route stopped last year because of a dispute over payments.
The crude was pumped from the Taq Taq field moves across the border loads without the use of the Iraqi pipeline.
By: Omar al-Shaher for Al-Monitor Iraq Pulse Posted on April 17.
Iraq has been taking initiatives to help the families of the people who died or were wounded as a result of the acts of violence that have shaken the country since the fall of the regime of late Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in 2003. In this framework, the funds paid by Iraq to its citizens who are known as “the victims of terrorist attacks and military errors” have exceeded $300 million up till now.
In the years following the fall of Saddam Hussein, Iraq has been in a constant state of violence and turmoil, producing innumerable victims in need of financial compensation, writes Omar al-Shaher.
Iraq: $300 Million Worth of Compensation for the Victims of Terrorism Since 2003
Author: Omar al-Shaher
Translated by: Pascale Menassa
Categories :Originals Iraq Security
While Iraqi politicians consider spending money on such areas more important than squandering it for the sake of annual governmental allocations, economists believe that such expenditures have contributed to increasing consumerism in Iraqi society.
In 2009, Iraq ratified a law that regulates the payment of compensation for those who suffered from acts of violence. A governmental committee to accept applications from beneficiaries was formed, and subsequently opened branches in most provinces.
Since 2011, the country’s general budget has included a special article that requires compensation be paid to the victims of terrorism.
Jasem al-Aribi, the spokesman for the central government’s victim compensation committee, told Al-Monitor that “the total amount paid in compensation to victims of terrorist acts from July 2011 until January 2013 was 370 billion Iraqi dinars [$259 million].”
Aribi asserted that “the compensation process will continue and the paid sums will increase daily.”
He added, “The families of the deceased and missing who belong to the military or security forces will receive a grant of around 5 million Iraqi dinars [$4,300], while the families of civilians will receive around $3,200 in compensation. Meanwhile, both types of families will receive a monthly salary of around $300. The law also stipulates that the family of the deceased must receive a piece of land to establish a house on, but financial grants for beneficiaries must be prioritized now.”
Aribi continued, saying, “Those who have been wounded receive compensation based on the severity of the handicap from which they suffer, while specialized committees estimate the damages to residences, cars and other private properties. Accordingly, the due sums are determined and paid to the concerned parties.”
“The law stipulated that the people concerned in this regard are the ones who were harmed because of acts of violence that led to a death or loss, or the people whose properties were damaged due to terrorist or military operations since March 3, 2003,” he added.
Aribi said that “the application system depends on special committees in each province that assume the responsibility of examining the documents of beneficiaries. Moreover, one province might have more than one committee. In Baghdad, for example, there are four special committees for the compensation affairs of the victims of terrorism.”
The $300 million that Iraq has paid beneficiaries does not include the total of accumulated salaries that the law stipulates must be retrospectively given to the families of the deceased.
A Ministry of Finance spokesman told Al-Monitor that “the total amount of accumulated salaries for beneficiaries for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012 has reached around $10 million. These sums are paid by installments, since not all official forms can be completed in one year.”
Aribi noted that “last January, the government formed a supreme committee with extensive powers headed by the deputy secretary general of the cabinet. The purpose of this committee was to speed up the compensation process for the families of terrorism victims.” The decision to form this committee was taken due to increasing complaints by beneficiaries regarding years-long delays in processing their official forms.
Islamic Supreme Council MP Abdul Hussein Abtan believes that “it is better to give compensations to the victims of terrorism than to spend that money elsewhere.”
Speaking to Al-Monitor, Abtan added, “There are apparent social benefits that consume a big part of the government’s budget but do not aid people at all. There are budgetary spending methods that supposedly fall under the operational article, but in fact, just squander public money. These funds should be given to the disadvantaged instead. Moreover, the compensation allocations paid to terrorism victims are huge, but spending them here is better than squandering them elsewhere.”
Economist Majed al-Souri believes that “this file is another outlet to encourage consumerism in the Iraqi market.”
In an interview, Souri said that “everybody agrees that the victims have the right to compensation, but, at the end of the day, this is increasing consumerism that has been devouring Iraqi society since the fall of Saddam.”
Souri added that “the compensation funds in particular are often spent on cars and furniture, because they are not part of the financial schemes of the beneficiaries. The compensations rarely turn into investment projects that bear financial revenues.”
Omar al-Shaher is a contributor to Al-Monitor’s Iraq Pulse. His writing has appeared in a wide range of publications including France’s LeMonde, the Iraqi Alesbuyia magazine, Egypt’s Al-Ahaly and the Elaph website. He previously worked for Al-Mada covering political and security affairs and as a correspondent for the Kuwaiti Awan newspaper in Baghdad in 2008-10.